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2013年12月考前五天四六级写作冲刺备考

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  只要是命题作文,就一定给出“话题”和“内容要求”;那么按照“话题”和“内容要求”写相应的功能段落和表达就确保不跑题。以下给出的文章和内容基于课堂所讲的“功能段落和表达”,目的在于帮助有缘在新东方课堂相识的同学复*课堂所讲,并帮助考生重温“现象”、“建议”、“意义”、“原因”、“观点(利弊)”和“危害”的功能表达。复*时,请勿追求面面俱到,重点复*现象、建议和意义,如果有时间也复*其他三种功能段。范文中重复部分是常见功能表达。

  2013年12月四六级考试在即,新东方石雷鹏老师分析13年12月最有可能考的功能段落应该是:现象、建议、意义和原因;次之为危害和观点对比。无论考何种形式作文,最简易的处理方式是:有汉语提纲则按照汉语提纲写相应的功能段落,若无汉语提纲则按照话题和内容要求直接写相应的功能表达或自己列出基本提纲再写相应功能表达!图表和图画、书信亦可如此!

  图画、话语评论和图表作文可按照相同模式来处理:首段引出话语,图画和图表,并对其内容描述评论;二段写对应现象、意义或危害,尾段写看法和建议并展望!背诵功能表达组合完成作文。

  *年四六级跑题率很高,审题是关键,建议关注1 体裁+话题;2内容要求:英文提示/汉语提纲;3字数。如13年6月六级“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed.” 应关注四类词:名动形副,如earth, satisfy, man, greed等,对应写现象、意义、建议或危害。

  话题1:老年人孤独生活Part IWriting( 30 minutes )

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the lonely life of aged people. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  Given is a simple but thought-provoking cartoon: an aged grandma sits in front of mirror, looking at “herself” in the mirror and saying to herself, “I feel rather lonely when my son goes to work and my grandson studies in school.”

  首句功能为:引出图画;之后为图画内容描述,主要是四要素:人/物、动作、文字和环境,写出四要素中的两三点即可。

  Obviously, this cartoon can be naturally associated with the significance of children’s accompany for aged parents: if elderly people intend to enjoy happiness,it is advisable for their children to spend more time in parents. In contemporary society, it has become a trend for young people to be busy with their work and study. Meanwhile, an increasing number of youngsters find it difficult to have spare time to accompany lonely parents. However, it is adult children’s accompany that enables aged parents to build up adequate hope, love and enthusiasm for life. As a matter of fact, young people in large numbers have not come to realize the loneliness of aged people.

  二段首句:图画联系主题;之后if句为图画简单评论;in contemporary society一句为图画所暗含的社会现象;meanwhile一句为相关人+具体感受;however之后为强调句式,论述意义;尾句是万能总结。

  As a youngster, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for us to accompany aged parents, no matter how busy we are. Accordingly, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances to love, respect and care all elderly people. (196 words)

  尾段首句:观点;二句建议;尾句展望未来。

  话题2:网络谣言Part IWriting( 30 minutes )

  Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay by commenting on the remark “It is unbelievable for people to believe what they should not believe: Internet rumors.” You can cite some examples to illustrate your point. You should write at least150words but no more than200words.

  Given is a simple but thought-provoking remark: “it is unbelievable for people to believe what they should not believe: Internet rumors.” Obviously, this saying can be naturally associated with the seriousness of rumors: if we intend to have a positive Internet environment, it is advisable to eliminate/refuse rumors. (51)

  In contemporary society, it has become a trend for individuals to surf the Internet for the information they need. Meanwhile, an increasing number of people find it rather difficult to distinguish the true news from rumors. Searching the Internet, we can notice a great many examples like this: false news, ads and pictures. (危害) Then, it is these rumors that lead the public to be cheated, confused and even panic. As a matter of fact, experts in large numbers have come to realize the importance of Internet honesty.

  As a regular Internet surfer, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for government to punish rumor makers. Accordingly, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances to refuse making and spreading rumors. Sparing no efforts to do so, we will witness a hopeful and promising future of Internet life.

  话题3:延迟退休

  Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should Retirement Age Be Postponed? You’d write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. Your writing should be based on the following outline.

  1. *年来,推迟退休年龄引发人们热议

  2. 推迟退休年龄有利也有弊

  3. 我的看法

  Based on a recent survey on the Internet, a majority of individuals admit that aging society will bring a variety of problems to their life. Along with the trend of longevity, it has become a trend for people to debate whether it is wise to postpone retirement age.

  A number of individuals favor postponing the retirement age. In their eyes, it is this policy that enables the aging society to build up enough work-force. As a matter of fact, people in mounting numbers have come to realize this problem in an aging society. Even so, others hold a different view that postponing retirement age carries some risks. This policy can bring old people stress, but cannot arouse their enthusiasm for work, and cannot help them to enjoy their retirement pension.

  I am convinced that we should take into account the wishes of old people. If those seniors have enthusiasm for work, we should educate, advocate and encourage them to work and perform their tasks; if not, it is advisable for the society to create a comfortable twilight for them. If we try our utmost to do so, the future of old people’ life will be promising and hopeful.(187 words)

  话题4:教育回报

  For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Education Pays based on the statistics provided in the chart below (Weekly earnings in 2010). Please give a brief description of the chart first and then make comments on it. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  Given is a simple but enlightening chart by US Bureau of Labor: (图表描述万能) in2010,it had become a trend fordoctors, masters and bachelors to earn more money in a week in US--- $1551, $1272 and $1038. Meanwhile, we can notice that weekly earnings of college graduates with no degrees, those with high school diploma and people with less than high school diploma were $712, $626 and $444 respectively.

  (注:图表描述没有必要面面俱到,写出大体趋势即可。)

  Obviously, this chart can be naturally associated with the importance of education: if individuals intend to acquire/ gain/ get better earnings, it is advisable for them to gain higher degrees. In contemporary America, it has become a trend for a host of companies/firms/corporations/ organizations to hire doctors and masters and pay them better salaries. It is education that enables them to build up adequate knowledge, skills and ability to deal with important tasks. As a matter of fact, employees and employers in large numbers have come to realize the significance of higher degrees.

  As a college student, I am convinced that it is of great necessity for youngsters to enhance ourselves by studying hard and getting better degrees. Do bear in mind: education is a worthy investment.



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