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O. Henry

? O. Henry (1862-1910) was a prolific American short-story writer, a master of surprise endings, who wrote about the life of ordinary people in New York City. A twist of plot, which turns on an ironic or coincidental circumstance, is typical of O. Henry's stories.

? O. Henry is the pen name of William Sydney Porter. ? He is one of the three leading short story writers.

? Chekhov契诃夫(Anton Pavlovich,1860-1904,俄国 剧作家 、短篇小说家) ? Maupassant莫泊桑 (Henri RenМ Albert Guy de, 1850-1893,法国短篇小说家)
? In 1862 O. Henry was born in Greensboro, North Carolina. ? In 1865, when he was three, his mother died, and he was raised by his grandmother and aunt. ? As a child, Porter was always reading, everything from classics to dime novels, his favorite work was One

美国北卡罗来纳州

Thousand and One Nights.

critical realism

Maupassant

The Man in a Case

A Chameleon

? On July 1, 1887, Porter eloped with Athol and got married. ? Athol encouraged her husband to pursue his writing. Athol gave birth to a son in 1888, who died hours after birth, and then a daughter, Margaret Worth Porter, in September 1889. His wife died on July 25, 1897 from tubercu’losis. ? In 1894 he started a humorous weekly The Rolling Stone. When the weekly failed, he joined the Houston Post as a reporter and columnist.

?In 1897 he was convicted of embezzling money and sentenced to five years in prison. While in prison Porter started to write short stories to support his daughter Margaret. ?Porter was released on July 24, 1901, for good behavior after serving three years.

? Porter's most prolific writing period started in 1902, when he moved to New York City to be near his publishers. While there, he wrote 381 short stories. He wrote a story a week for over a year for the New York World Sunday Magazine. ? He married Sara Lindsay Coleman in 1907, but the marriage was not happy, and they separated a year later. ? O. Henry's last years were shadowed by alcoholism, ill health, and financial problems. He died of cir’rhosis of the liver on June 5, 1910, in New York.

During his lifetime, O. Henry published 10 collections and over 600 short stories.

O ? Henry's writing themes
? A class of life mainly in the western United States ? A class of life in some U.S. cities ? A class of life in Latin American

? These different themes have a close relationship with the author's several major life experiences of living in different periods. ? The works which described the city life have the greatest significance, and the maximum quantity.

O. Henry’s writing style:

?Characters of ordinary people ?Realistic detail ?A twist of plot ?Surprising ending

words melting sorrows and joys
? Starting from Washington Owen(1784-1859),many writers are good at writing those funny but meaningful story. ? O. Henry inherited this tradition, and was influenced by the contemporary writers. ? Moreover, he has a a lifetime of frustrations. All above makes his unique sense of humor - filled with bitter laughter. At the back of the humor, overstates, there are something more calling this "tearful smile", which has deepened the social significance of the work, with long-term artistic charm.

O. Henry’s Twisting End
? The so-called O. Henry’s twist ending means: the end of the article makes sense not only unexpected but logical and convincing. ? As O. Henry believed that life is full of unexpected things, so most of the end of his novel come as a surprise. He attempts in this area successfully. So the literary world called such a method to be O. Henry’s twist ending. ? There are some classic works, "Gift of the Magi" "the last piece of ivy常春藤 leaves“ “The cop and the anthem”.

the Famous quotes by O. Henry

the Famous quotes
When one loves one's art no service seems too hard. 一旦热爱艺术,什么奉献也不难。 ? Life is made up of sobs, sniffles and smiles with sniffes predominating. 人生是由呜咽、抽泣和微笑组成的,而在三者之中,抽泣 处于支配地位。 ? A story with a moral appended is like the bill of a mosquito. It bores you, and then injects a stinging drop to irritate your conscience. 一篇含有教训的小说,像是蚊子的嘴。它先使你讨厌,然 后注入一滴螫入的液体,来烦扰你的良知。

? If man knew how women pass the time when they are alone, they'd never marry. 如果男人晓得女人在独自的时候怎样消磨时间,他们永远不会结 婚。 ? What a woman wants is what you're out of. She wants more of a thing when it's scarce. 女人所想要的东西,就是你所没有的东西。当一种东西变为稀少 的时候,她便要想多要一些。 ? Love and business and family and religion and art and patriotism are nothing but shadows of words when a man's starving! 当一个人吃不饱饭的时候,爱情、事业、家庭、宗教、艺术和爱 国都只是空洞的言词而已。 ? Life is fine and enjoyable, yet you must learn to enjoy your fine life. 人生是美好的,但你必须会享用美好的生活。

Style
? 1. unexpected, yet believable ending . ? Famous for his distinctive gift in making a surprising but logical, unexpected yet believable ending. ? 2. His peculiar humor: humorous yet tearful ? 3. O. Henry wrote with realistic detail based on his first hand experiences both in Texas and in New York City. ?

Other recommended American short stories:
?Mark Twain: The Million Pound Note

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
?Ernest Hemingway: The Old Man and the Sea

?Hawthorne: Scarlet Letter

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Theme of the story




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