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2013年广东省初中毕业生学业考试语文模拟试题参考答案_图文

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good fo undation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cretary poi nted out that China's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barr iers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell-off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, eac h time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's C ongres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top leader s, such a s the ele ction of the Standing Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

2013 年广东省初中毕业生学业考试语文模拟试题(一)
参考答案 一、1. (1)蒹葭萋萋 在水之湄 (2)奉命于危难之间 (3)羌管悠悠霜满地 (4)示 例一:先天下之忧而忧 后天下之乐而乐 示例二:安得广厦千万间 大庇天下寒士俱欢颜 (5)潮平 两岸阔 风正一帆悬 海日生残夜 江春入旧年 2. (1)扶掖 (2)干涸 (3)追溯 (4)毛骨悚然 3. D(应在“最大耻辱”的后面加上“的观念”) 4. 示例:我的性格既不多愁善感,也不是整天无忧无虑。我经常会关注一个问题,不想出一个结 果不罢休,性格中有股执拗劲。 5. (1)①反映物价上涨现象的网络热词不断涌现。②面对网络热词,部分语言学家和众多网民反 应不一。 (2)示例一:我认为网络语言好,它的表达方式灵活变通,具有生动传神、意趣盎然、简洁准确的特 点,比如,在和其他人聊天时,说起“蒜你狠”“豆你玩”“姜你军”等网络词汇,大家既能够听懂内容, 又能会心一笑,融洽了气氛,使大家说话更随意直率。 示例二:我认为网络语言不好,网络语言不伦 不类,不能登大雅之堂,而且容易误导学生,使之不能正确书写汉字。 二、 (一)6. B(用脚踢) 7. 万钟的奉禄如果不辩礼义就接受了它,那么万钟对我有什么好处! 8. 乡为身死而不受,今为宫室之美为之;乡为身死而不受,今为妻妾之奉为之;乡为身死而不 受,今为所识穷乏得我而为之 加强了气势,增强了感情,显示出说话人的义正词严、理直气壮 9. A (二)10.(1)胸中常积一股气 (2)胸中要常积一股浩然正气 (4)胸中要常积一股郁闷之气。 (5)什么事情要干好都离不开气(每空 1 分) 11.庄子(1 分) 庄子是道家代表人物,淡泊名利,主张“无为而治”,注重追求个人精神的自由(1 分);而本段的主要观点是胸中要常积一股浩然之气,要能舍身报国,两者相矛盾,所以不合适(1 分)。 12.(3 分)C
(三)13.(1)不要跟陌生人说话,尤其是在公共场合。(2 分) (2)“用脚尖轻轻踢母亲的鞋帮”(2
分)。
14.用比喻的修辞手法(1 分) 生动形象地写出有些人身上蕴含的善意的微小,但就是这样微小的
善意,也会在母亲的感染下放大,以此表现母亲以一万分友善对待任何人的伟大。(3 分)
15.D(3 分)
16.示例:现实生活中,因与陌生人说话而引出麻烦甚至纠纷的实际例证并不少见,但是, 妈妈,
今天我终于理解了您的不设防,盲人夫妇渴望交流的淳朴真情,只有不设防才能让我们好好领受。(4 分)
(四) 17. 环境描写、心理描写、语言描写等(2 分)。这些描写充分地表现了少年汤姆在摆脱了成 人社会禁锢以后,在大自然当中的自由自在、无拘无束的心境。(2 分)
18. 汤姆是个聪明爱动的孩子,在他的身上集中体现了聪明、善于谋划、正义、勇敢、具有一定领 导能力等诸多才能。在《汤姆·索亚历险记》中描写洞中历险的部分,汤姆代蓓姬受罚,以至最后在山 洞处处呵护、关爱蓓姬等情节,表现出他是一个足智多谋,富于同情心的孩子,同时,小说中的大量情 节表现了汤姆对现实环境持反感态度,一心要冲出桎梏,过行侠仗义的生活的一面。(性格3分,情节1分)
19.略 附加题 10

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the init iative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power ru n in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy stem pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr omoting politi cal integrit y, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d Soci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n market system and buil ding modern public cult ural service system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest, a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cretary poi nted out that Chi na's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barriers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell -off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, each time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's Congres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top lea der s, such a s the ele ction of the Standing Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

1.(1)担忧。 (2)明白。
2. 少顷/佳肴美酝/罗列盈前/不能下箸
3.(直指使)知错能改。(1 分) (刘南桓公)教育得法,善于开导学生。(2 分)
4.做事情要选择适当的时候,同样的事情如果时机或者时间合时就是可行的,如果时机不对,可
能得到相反的结果。 参考译文:
曾任工部尚书的刘麟,告老还家。(当地)有位直指使,对饮食特别讲究,他百般挑剔,常常因此 苛求部下,郡县的长官(每逢接待他)都感到担忧。刘麟说:“这个人是我的学生,应该开导他,让他 明白事理。”
等到有一天,直指使前来拜访他。刘麟招待直指使,说:“我本想设宴款待,又怕误你公事,就备 了一顿便饭。不过老伴出门去了,无人下厨张罗,家常便饭,吃得下吗?”因为是师命,直指使不敢推辞。
可是从早上到过午,饭也没端出来,直指使饿得实在难受。等到饭菜端出,(直指使抬眼一看,) 只有一盆脱壳粗米和一盆豆腐,直指使一连吃了三碗饭、三碗豆腐,觉得撑得难受。
不一会儿,金盘玉碗,里面盛着山珍海味,碟盘罗列,摆在直节使面前,直节使(因为过饱)无法 下筷。刘麟执意劝食,直指使(为难地)说:“我确确实实已经吃得过饱了,再也不能吃了。”刘麟微 笑着说:“看来,饮食本无精粗之分,饿时菜饭容易吃,饱时饭菜难吃,所处时候不同才这样的。”
直指使悟出老师在训导自己,从此,他再也不敢因为饮食而责难他的部下了。

2012 年广东省初中毕业生学业考试语文模拟试题(二) 参考答案
一、1.(1)月下飞天镜 (2)宫阙万间都做了土 (3)再而衰,三而竭 (4)我寄愁心与明月 随风直到夜郎西 (5)荡胸生曾云 决眦入归鸟 会当凌绝顶 一览众山小(以上每小题错、漏、多 1 字均扣 0.5 分,扣完该小题分值为止)
2.(1)砭骨 (2)酝酿 (3)菜畦 (4)销声匿迹(每词 1 分,错一字扣 0.5 分) 3. C 4. 示例:这一树蓝色的花开得繁密,茂盛,是花枝招展的小女孩,还是十分清亮通透、蓝汪汪的蓝水 晶。(两个词语 2 分,关联词 1 分,描述景物 1 分) 5. 构成要素:中国植树节徽标呈圆形,内有五棵树,在树的下面是“中国植树节 3.12”字样。(2 分)植树节徽标的寓意:①树形,表示全民义务植树 3~5 棵,人人动手,绿化祖国大地。②“中国植树 节”和“3.12”表明改造自然,造福人类,年年植树,坚韧不拔的决心。③五棵树可会意为“森林”, 由此引伸连接着外圈,显示着绿化祖国,实现以森林为主体的自然生态体系的良性循环。(2 分,答出其 中一个寓意即可) 二、(一)6. D(为:造) 7. 楚国有多余的土地人口却不足。现在牺牲不足的人口掠夺有余的土地不能认为是智慧。 8.吾义固不杀人 宋何罪之有 义不杀少而杀众 9. D
(二)10.(3 分)①香烟作为一项带着时尚印记的物件,进入电影之中;②影视剧里的吸烟镜头开 始岌岌可危;③电影中的吸烟镜头常常成为众矢之的。(一点 1 分)
11.(3 分)B 12.(4 分)以“不吸烟的 007”为题,用人们熟知的电影人物,标题既醒目,又形象生动地点明 本文的说明对象和内容(借人们对影视中吸烟镜头的态度变化来说明人们对吸烟危害性的认识过程); 引起读者的注意,激发读者的阅读兴趣。(答对一点即得 2 分,两点 4 分) (三)13. ①塔玛拉在去丹佛的路上,意外发现路边躺着一个人;②当塔玛拉救助“病人”时,却 意外地遭到此人的劫持;③塔玛拉意外地发现劫持她的正是电台里说的越狱杀人犯佐林;④在行车途中 接到丈夫威廉的电话,意外地获得传达求救信息的机会;⑤他们根本没有孩子,塔玛拉却意外地要丈夫

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the init iative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power run in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy st em pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr omoting politi cal integrity, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d S oci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n m arket system and buil ding modern public cult ural service system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest, a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cretary poi nted out that China's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barriers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell -off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, each time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's Congres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top leader s, such a s the ele ction of the Standing Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

亲一亲“咱们的小宝贝莎丽坦”;⑥警察利用借火点烟的机会,抓住了越狱杀人犯佐林,解救了塔玛拉; ⑦塔玛拉意外获得了一笔赏金,这正是他们家所需要的。(答出其中 4 点得满分)
14.他们过着“二人世界”的生活,说明他们根本没有孩子,所以,当威廉先生听到妻子塔玛拉要他 “好好地亲一亲”“咱们的小宝贝”时,他就意识到塔玛拉出事了。(2 分。意思对即可)他可能为警方提 供的信息有:他与塔玛拉为债务吵架(从小说末句可以得知);塔玛拉的目的地(或行车路线);被劫持地 点;汽车款型(或颜色);汽车牌号等。(2 分。答出其中 2 点得满分)
15. C(A 项中佐林说自己“是个讨人喜欢的人”,这是反话,实质上是在威胁塔玛拉;B 前有伏笔, 后有照应,其作用是使文章结构严谨;D 项中警察在加油站一边测试胎压,一边与管理员聊天,既是为了 侦察劫持塔玛拉的人是谁,又避免劫持者的警觉,再者,加油站动手救人太危险)
16. 不设统一答案。塔玛拉、威廉、警察三者皆可。答“敬佩越狱杀人犯佐林”的零分。示例一:敬 佩塔玛拉。她善良、镇定、机智、勇敢。看到有人躺在路边,她毫不犹豫地采取救助行动,在受到越狱 杀人犯佐林劫持时,她利用与丈夫通电话的机会巧妙地传达出自己遭劫持的信息,既保护了自己,又让 警察顺利地将越狱杀人犯佐林抓捕归案。示例二:敬佩威廉。他从塔玛拉的通话中能立即意识到塔玛拉 遭劫持了,但他没有在通话中流露出惊慌,而是在通话后沉着、冷静地将情况报告给警察,从而使警察 能够将塔玛拉解救出来,并将越狱杀人犯佐林抓捕归案。示例三:敬佩警察。警察在接到威廉的报警后, 立即有计划、有步骤地协作开展营救和抓捕行动,先在加油站侦察塔玛拉被谁劫持,再巧妙地利用借火 点烟的时机,不费一枪一弹,将塔玛拉毫发无损地解救出来,并将越狱杀人犯佐林抓捕归案。(能结合文 章内容,言之成理即可。视内容和语言酌情给分)
(四) 17. 拿绳索、钩子拴在敌舰上,一下子拖走五十艘最大的敌舰。(4 分) 18.作品运用了讽刺手法。(1 分)如用比赛绳技的方法来选拔官员,跳得高不跌落的担任要职。又例 如文段中蓝红绿三色丝线影射英国嘉德勋章、巴思勋章和蓟花勋章的绶带,讽刺英国统治阶级的腐败政 治。(3 分) 19.略 附加题 1.(1)假传命令。 (2)到,来到。 2.自言罪过/以负于魏/无功于赵/赵王侍酒至暮/口不忍献五城/以公子退让也。 3.“似若无所容者”、“公子侧行辞让,从东阶上”。 4.他是一个善于听取别人意见、知错能改、不计回报的人。 参考译文: 赵孝成王感激信陵君假传命令夺取晋鄙兵权、救了赵国的大功,就跟平原君商量,打算拿五座 城封给他。信陵君听说这件事,心中感到骄傲自大,脸上露出自以为有功的神色。有一位门客向他 进言道:“事情有不应该忘记的,也有不能不忘记的。如果别人对您有恩德,您不可忘记;如果您 对别人有恩德,希望您忘记它。况且您这次假传魏王的命令、夺取晋鄙的兵权来救赵国,对赵国来 说固然有功,对魏国可就算不上忠臣了。您却骄傲自满自以为有功,我认为您不应该这样啊。” 于是信陵君立刻深深责备自己,惭愧地好像无地自容。赵王待打扫庭院之后,亲自来迎接(信 陵君),按照招待贵宾的礼节,(赵王)引导信陵君到西阶,(请他从那里上殿)。信陵君侧身而 行,推辞谦让,随(赵王)从东阶走上殿堂。并说自己有罪,对不起魏国,对赵国也无功可言。赵 王陪信陵君喝酒到傍晚,始终说不出要封给他五座城的话,这是因为信陵君的谦让啊。
2012 年广东省初中毕业生学业考试语文模拟试题(三) 参考答案
一、 1.(1)欲为圣明除弊事 雪拥蓝关马不前 (2)瀚海阑干百丈冰 (3)无可奈何花落去 (4) 三人行 必有我师焉 其不善者而改之 (5)与君离别意 同是宦游人 海内存知己 天涯 若比邻(以上每小题错、漏、多 1 字均扣 0.5 分,扣完该小题分值为止)
2.(1)褪尽 (2)妖娆 (3)收敛 (4)参差不齐(每词 1 分,错一字扣 0.5 分)

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the initiative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power run in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy stem pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr om oting politi cal integrity, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d Soci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n market system and buil ding modern public cult ural servi ce system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest , a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng t he monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cretary poi nted out that Chi na's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barriers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell -off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, each time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's Congres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top lea der s, such a s the ele ction of the Standing Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

3. C (正确的学生句子应是“学生会潜移默化地受到美的熏陶,放飞美的心灵。”) 4.示例:之所以他讲话经常引经据典,显得博学多识,是因为他课外大量阅读有益的报刊书籍,坚 持不懈,沉醉其中,真是开卷有益啊。(两个词语 2 分,关联词 1 分,表达看法 1 分)
5.(1)全球变暖的原因及后果。 (2)提示:降低二氧化碳的排放量,是全世界各国共同的责任。 二、(一)6. B 7. 我曾经探求过古代品德高尚的人的思想感情,或许(他们)和上面两种人的心情不同,为什么呢? 8.浩浩汤汤 横无际涯 朝晖夕阴 气象万千 前人之述备矣 9. A (二)10.(4 分)示例:作者先提出观点“有深度的阅读能给孩子更大的愉悦”(1 分);然后进行 对比论证分析 “浅阅读”和“深阅读”带给孩子的不同愉悦(2 分);最后强调“深阅读”的无论哪 一种愉悦质量都超越“浅阅读”(1 分)。 11.(3 分)这句话用比喻论证的方法(1 分),生动形象地论述了不花气力的阅读,常常是没有收获 的(2 分)。 12.(3 分)D (三)13.(1)小街两侧全是重新修建的商铺;(2)河滨路开着数十家咖啡吧、酒吧、茶馆以及小 饭馆,形成了颇有气势和特色的休闲一条街;(3)夜色中观赏独具特色的都匀的桥成为一种独特的景观; (4)小吃街上市民们推杯换盏,热闹非常。(5)商业街两旁,几十个小摊清一色地为爱美的姑娘们画指 甲油、贴文身,水果摊贩的吆喝声此起彼伏。(每点 1 分) 14.(1)本句使用拟人的手法,“撒娇”生动形象地写出都匀小城委婉、柔软的姿态和灵气妩媚的小 城形象。“睡”既写出都匀城和剑江河的位置关系,又体现出都匀的安详、宁静、与大自然融为一体的情 状。表达出作者对都匀的喜爱之情。(2)使用比喻的修辞手法,生动贴切地表现出都匀的姑娘们素雅而 美丽、清纯而自然的模样,她们像一幅画一样成为都匀城独特的一道风景。表达出作者对都匀年轻姑娘 们的赞美之情。(答出修辞手法给 1 分,分析内容正确给 2 分,思想感情给 1 分。) 15. D 16. 示例:每个地方有每个地方的特色、风情,作为客人的我们去游览,总是会感到新鲜,但真正 留在心底的,让我们理解、记忆的却只是自己长期生活过的地方。因为游览只是看到了城市光鲜的外表, 而只有自己生活过的地方,我们才能深入地了解它的内在,它独特的风情、历史和文化。这些才是一个 城市最大的魅力所在。生活过的地方,一定会留下许多珍贵的回忆,这些回忆又会使得这个地方在印象 里更加深刻。比如世博会时,我去上海,上海的繁华、现代让我心生羡慕,但一年以后,我再过去,发 现上海的形象已经依稀模糊,但中山的种种却在脑海里越来越清晰。(答出对这句话内容的理解 2 分;联 系自己的生活经历 2 分。) (四)17. 前一段中保尔的心理表现是:面对困难时内心的矛盾和思考过程;(2 分)后一段中保尔 的心理表现是:通过内心激烈的思想斗争后,恢复了战胜困难的勇气和信心。(2 分)
18.全身瘫痪,双目失明。(1 分)用顽强的革命意志与病魔做不懈的斗争,坚持读书学习,坚持写 作。(1 分)他对革命理想的无限忠诚,面对困难与挫折的钢铁般遗志、百折不挠的战斗精神和积极乐观 的人生态度都是值得我们学习的。(2 分) 附加题
1.(1) 改变(变得)。 (2) 适逢,正赶上。 2.虏众惊乱/超手格杀三人/吏兵斩其使及从士三十余级/余众百许人悉烧死。 3.本文记叙了班超初次出使西域,在鄯善国袭击匈奴使者成功的经过。 4.班超机智敏锐、察微知著,他能从“鄯善王广奉超礼敬甚备,后忽更疏懈”中准确地推断出匈奴 使臣已经到来。(2 分)班超不仅善于判断,而且足智多谋、勇猛果敢,在发现危险以后,当机立断,用 夜间火攻的方法,取得了胜利。(2 分) 参考译文: 班超到了鄯善国,国王广接待他们礼节非常恭敬周到,但不久突然变得疏忽怠慢起来。班超对他的

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the init iative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power run in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy st em pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr omoting politi cal integrity, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d S oci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n m arket system and buil ding modern public cult ural service system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest, a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng t he monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cret ary poi nted out that China's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barriers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell -off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, each time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's Congres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top leader s, such a s the ele ction of the Stan ding Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

随从人员说:“你们难道没觉察鄯善王广的态度变得淡漠了么?这一定是北匈奴有使者来到这里,使他犹 豫不决,不知道该服从谁好的缘故。头脑清醒的人能够预见到还未发生的事情,何况现在已明摆着呢!” 于是班超找来一个服侍汉使的鄯善人,诳骗他说:“北匈奴的使者来了好些天了,现在住在哪里?”这侍 者一慌张害怕,就将实情全都招认了。班超便关押了这个侍从,将一起出使的三十六个人全部召集,与 大家一同喝酒。等喝到非常痛快的时候,顺势用话煽动他们说:“你们诸位与我都身处边地异域,想要通 过立功来求得富贵荣华。但现在北匈奴的使者来了才几天,鄯善王广对我们便不以礼相待了。如果一旦 鄯善王把我们缚送到北匈奴去,我们就都成了豺狼口中的食物了,你们看这怎么办呢?”大家都齐声说 道:“我们现在已处于危亡的境地,是生是死,就由你司马决定吧。”班超便说:“不进老虎洞,抓不到小 老虎。现在的办法,只有趁今晚用火进攻匈奴使者了,他们不知我们究竟有多少人,一定会感到很害怕, 我们正好可趁机消灭他们。只要消灭了他们,鄯善王广就会吓破肝胆,我们大功就告成了。”大家说:“好”。 天一黑,班超就带领兵士奔袭北匈奴使者的住地。当晚正好刮起大风,班超吩咐十个人拿了军鼓,隐藏 在屋子后面。相约:“一见大火烧起,就立刻擂鼓呐喊。”其余人都带上刀剑弓箭,埋伏在门的两旁。于 是班超亲自顺风点火,前后左右的人便一起擂鼓呼喊。匈奴人一片惊慌。班超亲手击杀了三人,部下亦 斩得北匈奴使者及随从人员三十多人,还有一百多人统统被烧死在里面。
2012 年广东省初中毕业生学业考试语文模拟试题(四) 参考答案
一、 1.(1)行到水穷处(2)我寄愁心与明月(3)理还乱 是离愁(4)无丝竹之乱耳,无案牍 之劳形 (5)年少万兜鍪,坐断东南战未休。天下英雄谁敌手?曹刘。生子当如孙仲谋。 (以上每小 题,错、漏、多 1 字均扣 0.5 分,扣完该小题分值为止)
2.(1)迁徙(2)愕然(3)禀告(4)啸聚山林(每词 1 分,错一字扣 0.5 分) 3. D(“示范”后加上“作用”或“效应”) 4. 示例:他也有些踌躇起来,看起来他很有主见,但是面对这种事情还是有些胆怯,胆怯得像躲在 阴暗的角落里的老鼠。(两个词语 2 分,修辞手法 1 分,描述人物神态动作 1 分) 5. (1)①编造者为了达到某种目的,②没有事实根据,③传播迅速,④造成社会危害。(共 2 分。 每个要点 0.5 分。) (2)网络虽然是虚拟社会,但与现实社会密不可分,同样需要为某些行为负责任。 在其中传播谣言,也会对个人和社会造成严重危害。(共 2 分。答出其中两个要点得 2 分。) 二、 (一)6. D 7.第二天,徐公来了,(邹忌)仔细地端详他,自己认为不如(徐公美)。
8. 令初下 数月之后 期年之后 9. B (二)10.(3 分)唐朝前期:色彩华丽开放(对美的大胆追求、追求时尚)。 元朝:淳朴淡雅。 明 朝:服饰华丽异常(追求粉饰太平和吉祥祝福)。 11.(4 分)(1)说明竹林七贤的服饰审美对后人的影响之深。突出魏晋时期服饰追求自然及个性解 放。 (2)运用举例子的说明方法,说明唐代人追求时尚,追求服饰色彩华丽的审美意识。 12.(3 分)C(审美意识主要取决于不同时期政治经济发展水平) (三)13.示例:文章详写了荷花、荷叶,略写了雕像、嫩叶芽、绿莲蓬等。(2 分)这样写,使文章 重点突出,详略得当。(2 分) 14. 示例:不多余。(1 分)在内容上,写雕像是为了引出下文写荷花与荷叶;(1 分)在描写顺序上, 由于作者观赏的顺序是由远及近,首先看到雕像符合逻辑。 而“牧荷女”天然艳丽与荷花的美丽自然的 气质能相互照应,相得益彰。(2 分) 15.(1)参考示例:本句作者通过“耸拉”等词语,把叶片拟人化,赋予了叶片鲜活的生命感。又 把叶片比做桌布,生动形象地写出了烈日炙烤之下叶片瘫软,有气无力的情态。(2 分)(2)参考示例: 本句运用了拟人的修辞手法,勾画出荷颈挺立时如同孩子伸长脖子嗷嗷待哺的情态,生动形象地写出了 荷颈蓬勃的生命力。(2 分) 16. B

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the initiative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power run in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy stem pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr omoting politi cal integrity, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d Soci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n market system and buil ding modern public cult ural servi ce system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest , a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng t he monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cretary poi nted out that Chi na's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barriers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell -off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, each time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's Congres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top lea der s, such a s the ele ction of the Standing Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

(四)17.①“我”上沉船搬运东西。②“我”寻找地方,构筑住所。(2 分) 18.当面对困难时,我们一定要沉着冷静、勇敢坚毅、不断努力,这样才能战胜困难,渡过难关。
(2 分)注意联系实际谈。(2 分) 附加题
1.(1)拜见。 (2)与……要好,有交情。 2.于是沛公辍洗/起摄衣/延郦生上坐/谢之。 3.第一问:因为刘邦没有礼貌,在两个女子为他洗脚的时候“接见自己”。(2 分)第二问:先礼后 兵,即先劝其投降,如果不听,就里应外合,攻下陈留。(2 分) 4.一是能够尊贤敬贤,虚心接受批评;二是勇于改正错误。这也是其日后能够成就帝王大业的重要 原因。 参考译文:
沛公(刘邦)到了高阳(地名)驿馆,派人去召郦生(郦食其)。郦生到了,进来拜见,沛公正坐 在床上让两个女子给他洗脚,这样会见郦生。郦生进来以后,只作长揖(行礼的一种动作)而不跪拜, 说:“您打算帮助秦朝攻打诸侯吗?还是打算率领诸侯推翻秦朝?”沛公大骂说:“书生小子!天下人受 秦朝统治的苦难很久了,所以诸侯结盟争先攻打秦朝,怎么说帮助秦朝攻打诸侯呢?”郦生说:“如果 您下决心召集众人组成义军推翻无道的秦国,那就不应该这样傲慢地会见贤明的人。”于是沛公停止了 洗脚,起来穿上衣服,请郦生上坐,并向他谢罪。郦生谈了六国连横合纵时所用的计谋。沛公很高兴, 赏赐给郦生饭食,并问他说:“有什么计策?”郦生说:“您集合乌合之众,收散乱的兵马,总共不到一 万人,打算凭此直接攻入强大的秦国,这就是所谓的虎口冒险。陈留(地名)是天下的交通要冲,是四 通八达的交通要地,如今这座城又囤积着许多粮食。我和陈留县令关系很好,请让我出使陈留,让他投 靠您。如果他不同意,您带兵攻打他,我做内应。”于是沛公派郦生前去,沛公带着部队在后边跟着, 于是攻下了陈留。
2012 年广东省初中毕业生学业考试语文模拟试题(五) 参考答案
一、 1.(1)带月荷锄归(2)征蓬出汉塞(3)巴山楚水凄凉地 怀旧空吟闻笛赋(4)浩浩汤汤 横 无际涯(5)气蒸云梦泽 波撼岳阳城 欲济无舟楫 端居耻圣明(以上每小题,错、漏、多 1 字均扣 0.5 分,扣完该小题分值为止)
2.(1)蹲踞(2)撺掇(3)阴霾(4)莫衷一是(每词 1 分,错一字扣 0.5 分) 3. D(“顽劣”应改为“顽皮”较为合适恰当)(多选或错选不得分) 4. 示例:地震了,霎时山崩地裂,天昏地暗,楼晃得像在海上行驶的船一样。许多的生灵被扼杀在 崩塌的断壁残垣之间,不少生还者被找到时已经奄奄一息。(两个词语 2 分,修辞手法 1 分,描写 1 分) 5. (1)微博实名制受到了大多数网友和市民的支持与响应,但需要主管部门在网络安全监管及个 人信息保护方面加强管理。(2 分,每一方面 1 分) (2)示例一:应该实行“微博实名制”。表面上看我们 的言行受到了约束,但并不是剥夺发言自由,只是限制了不负责任的乱说,实际是对大家的保护,有利 于提高我们的素养,推动文明上网,更有利于我们人与人之间的和谐相处。(共 2 分,意思对即可) 二、(一)6.B(只,仅仅) [A(从事 /完成)C(好处 /更加)D(推辞/借口,托辞)] 7. 和一个人分别几天,就要用新的眼光看待他,大哥你为什么认清事物这么晚呀!(关键词“三”“即” “更”“见事”每处 0.5 分) 8. A(突出了学习《资治通鉴》这部经典对于当权者的巨大作用的理解有误) 9. 孙权:要讲究劝说别人的方式方法,才能取得良好的效果。吕蒙:一个人只要愿意学习,就应当 有所长进;听从他人有益的劝告,对自己的发展有好处。 (二)10.更美好的生活、更美丽的世界是所有公益组织与公益事业努力的最终目标(摘录准确并 能转换句式得 3 分;摘录准确但未转换句式 2 分;涉及答案但摘录过多且未转换句式 1 分)。 11.不重复(1 分)。第二至第五自然段的事实论据是关于韩国的,而第十自然段则是关于中国的;

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the init iative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power run in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy st em pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr omoting politi cal integrity, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d S oci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n m arket system and buil ding modern public cult ural service system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest, a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng t he monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cret ary poi nted out that China's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barriers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell -off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, each time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's Congres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top leader s, such a s the ele ction of the Stan ding Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

第二至第五自然段的事实论据是讲别人的所为,第十自然段则是以作者本人的亲身经历作事实论据(两 点中写到任意一点即给 1 分,写到两点给 2 分)。这样可以使论证更充分,更有说服力(这样可以多角度、 多侧面地加以论证)(1 分)。
12. D(4 分) (三)13.草草应对→没有悟透 →为老人剥橘→ 肃然起敬。
14.○2 句好。因为“甘甜地喂到他嘴里”中“甘甜”更形象地表达了她喂他吃橘子时的浓浓爱意,
也表现了他的内心感受到了温暖。 15.他年轻时双目失明独自承受痛苦 他甘愿相伴照顾失聪的老伴一生一世。 16. B (四)17.文段 A 写了在作者父亲病逝前需要平静,衍太太却不顾父亲的痛苦,催促作者大声呼唤父
亲,让父亲死不安宁的故事。(1 分)文段 B 写了衍太太教唆作者去偷母亲的首饰变卖并造谣的故事。(1 分)她是一个习惯于繁琐礼节,品德败坏,爱诬蔑人的令人讨厌的人。(2 分)
18.表明作者忏悔的是自己没有让父亲安静地死去,这让作者的心灵永远不安、永远痛苦,(3 分)也 反映了他对父亲强烈的爱。(1 分) 附加题
1.(1)有的人。 (2)恰好。 2.舟人固积寇也/窥客装丰/荡舟入莽/操刀欲杀。 3.一条将要被人杀掉的狗, 被一个商人救了下来,居然有感恩思想, 在这商人面临生命危险的时候, “与共浮沉”, 不光救了商人的性命, 还帮商人抓住了仇人。 4. 文章借义犬讽刺了“世无心肝”的人,告诫我们做人要知恩图报,否则连狗都不如。 参考译文: 周村有个商人贾某,在芜湖做生意赚了大钱。雇了一艘小船将要回家。在渡口时看到堤上有个屠夫 绑着一条狗(准备杀它),贾某于是出双倍价钱把那条狗买了下来,把那条狗养在船上。(岂知)那船 夫是个惯匪,看到贾某身上的财物(起了贪念),他把船划到蒹葭、芦苇丛生的僻处,拿起刀(准备) 要杀他。贾某哀求他赐自己一个全尸,强盗于是用毛毡把他裹起来,抛入江中。贾某原先救的那只狗看 见了,哀叫着也跳入了江中,用口咬着裹着贾某的毛毡,和它一起浮沉。这样也不知漂流了多远,终于 搁浅了。 狗从水里爬出来,不停地哀叫。有些人看了,十分奇怪,于是跟着狗一起走,看见了毛毡搁在水中, 于是把它拉上岸来,割断绳子,贾某居然没死,(他)把当时的情形告诉了救他上来的那些人。他又哀 求船夫将他载回芜湖,以等候那强盗的船回来。贾某上了船后,发现救他的那条狗不见了,心里十分悲 痛。到了芜湖三四天,商船十分多,就是不见原来那强盗的船。 刚好有个同乡商人将和他一起回家,突然那条狗出现了,朝着贾某大叫,贾某大声喝它也不走。贾 某于是下船来追它。那狗跑上一艘船,咬着一个人的大腿,那人打它,它也不松口。贾某走上前去呵斥 它,突然发现狗咬的人就是先前的那个强盗。(因为)他的衣服和船都换过了,所以认不出来。于是把 他绑起来,搜他的身,发现(自己的)那包财物还在。呜呼,一只狗,为了报恩而这样做。世上那些没 良心的人,跟这只狗相比也得羞愧啊。
2012 年广东省初中毕业生学业考试语文模拟试题(六) 参考答案
一、 1.(1)报君黄金台上意 (2)天街小雨润如酥 (3)上有黄鹂深树鸣 野渡无人舟自横 (4)出淤泥而不染 濯清涟而不妖 (5)曲径通幽处 禅房花木深 山光悦鸟性 潭影空人心(以 上每小题,错、漏、多 1 字均扣 0.5 分,扣完该小题分值为止)
2.(1)瞻望(2)亘古(3)咫尺(4)中流砥柱(每词 1 分,错一字扣 0.5 分) 3. B

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the initiative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power run in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy stem pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr omoting politi cal integrity, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d Soci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n market system and buil ding modern public cult ural servi ce system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest , a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng t he monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ...

18 session to be hel d in Beiji ng from Novem ber 9, 201 3 to 12t h. 35 years ag o blew t he thir d ple nary ses sion of the reform and openi ng up i n the spring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 35 year s later, in t he eyes of the nation and the w orld ex pect, agai n to reform mark Chi na, us here d in the 18 sessi on. XI G eneral Se cretary poi nted out that Chi na's reform has e ntered a cr uci al peri od a nd the S ham Shui Po Di strict, must be ba sed on greater political courage and wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in important fields. Dares t o crack a hard nut, dares to questi on the Ra pids, which dares t o break the barrier of i deas, a nd dare to be nefit cure barriers . Dee peni ng reform and ope ning up is on s che dul e to achieve institutional safeguards of the moderately wel l-off. Under the "five in one" the Ge neral layout of socialist moderni zation requir ements, 1 8 sess ion of the de cisi on was a "five in one" and the improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will promote a n integrated a nd coor dinate d economic, political , cultural, s ocial a nd e col ogical civilizati on construction of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the are a of instituti onal

reform.

The "five in one" programme is to achieve a comprehensive reform of institutional guara ntees for obje ctives of build a w ell -off societ y, the sm ooth progres s of the constructi on of a well-off society and reform the obje ctives of the programme.

One, holdi ng time and place im portance on November 9, 201 3 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 35 , have been 7 plenary sessi on, each time on maj or iss ues of politica l and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accordance with PRC pol itical pra ctice , often at every ses sion of the CPC Centr al Committee in a pl enary se ssi on was held imme diately after the party's Congres s, on the theme "pers onnel", dis cussing el ecti on Central's top lea der s, such a s the ele ction of the Standing Committee of the politica l Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, de cisi ons, such a s members of the Central M ilitary Commis sion.

The second ple nary ses sion, is held i n two se ssions before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to di scuss a new State per sonnel is sue s. But by the third

4. 示例:一个男人在路边疯狂虐待一只无家可归的猫,旁边围观的人袖手旁观,无动于衷。对此, 我非常愤慨。为什么要伤害这无辜的小生命呢?生命是应该受到人类尊重的,难道动物的生命就可以被 别人任意践踏伤害吗?(两个词语 2 分,修辞手法 1 分,表达看法 1 分)
5.示例:绝大多数人认为收入与幸福有一定的关系,但不是起决定作用。建议在拥有一定的收入 后,花更多的时间和精力享受幸福的生活。 二、(一)6. D
7. 湖上映出的影子,只有像一条印记的长堤,像一个墨点的湖心亭,和我那像一片芥叶的小船,像 米粒一般大小的船中两三个人罢了。
8. 崇祯五年十二月,余住西湖 是日更定矣,余拏一小舟,拥毳衣炉火,独往湖心亭看雪 到 亭上 及下船(答出其中三点即可)
9. D(应是侧面烘托) (二) 10. 乌鸦是“鸟中诸葛”。(1 分)第三自然段是打比方,第七自然段是作比较,第九自热 段是列数字。(3 分) 11.(1)乌鸦喜欢吃动物尸体腐烂之物;(2)其嗅觉特别灵敏,能在很远的距离嗅到尸体分解出来 的微弱气味;(3)久病垂危的病人临终前会释放腐败气味,人尚未死,乌鸦早已闻息而来。 12. C (三)13.线索:一张试卷。(1 分)故事:一个家境贫寒的男孩为了帮助残疾的哥哥学习而拿了多余的 试卷。(1 分)寓意:相信小男孩兄弟俩一定能战胜重重困难,迎来美好的未来。(2 分) 14. 与第四、第六自然段照应(1 分),渲染了寒冷的天气(1 分),衬托出小男孩吃苦耐劳、顽强执 著的性格(2 分)。 15. B 16. 示例:对生活要有责任感,即使身处逆境,也要自强不息。(意思对即可) (四)17. 文段 A 写了贝多芬在书信中写到的他与歌德散步时遇到皇亲国戚的情况。(2 分)文段 B 写 了不懂艺术的旗官妄加批评米开朗琪罗的作品《大卫像》,米开朗琪罗机智地保住了作品的完美。(2 分) 18. 贝多芬和米开朗琪罗的共同之处,就是不羡慕权贵、不畏权贵,蔑视权贵、狂傲不羁,(2 分) 坚持自己的原则,追求艺术的完善及最高境界的优秀品格。(2 分) 附加题 1.(1)赦免,免罪。 (2)愁,忧伤。 (3)上报,报告。 2. 凡应罪戮/ 而为冲微所辨理/ 赖以济宥者/ 前后数十。 3. 一是仁慈;二是聪明(或:通情达理)。 4. 以假装因为迷信说法而担忧难过,使曹操明白老鼠咬破东西对主人并无妨碍,而且很常见,因而 使曹操不仅没有怪罪库吏没能防止老鼠咬马鞍,还主动为库吏讲出免罪的理由。 附译文: 当时国家军事繁多,用刑严厉。曹操的一副马鞍,放在马厩中被老鼠咬了个洞,管马房的小厮害怕 曹操怪罪,商量着要把自己捆绑起来,当面(向曹操)自首请罪,但还是害怕不能免除(罪责)。曹冲知 道后,就对他说:“等待几天,然后再去自首。” 曹冲于是用刀戳破(自己的)单衣,弄得像是被老鼠咬 坏的一样,装出极不痛快的样子,满面愁容。曹操问他(有什么心事)。曹冲回答说:“世上的人们都说, 谁的衣服让老鼠咬了,谁就不吉利。现在我的衣服被老鼠咬破了,所以担忧难过。”曹操说:“这都是些 无稽之谈,别再为这事苦恼了。” 一会儿,马房小厮进来向曹操报告马鞍被老鼠咬坏的事,曹操笑着说: 我儿子的衣服就在身边,尚且被咬坏,何况(马鞍)是悬在梁柱上呢?”于 是 没 有 追 究 这 件 事 。曹冲为 人仁厚,通情达理,像这类事情很多。还 有 很 多 犯 罪 的 人 , 按 照 刑 法 应 该 被 处 死 , 都 依 靠 曹 冲 的 辩 解得到了宽大处理,前后共有数十人。曹操多次对大臣们说,表示有意传位于曹冲。

plenary sessi on, each se ssi on of the Central Committee of nati onal i nstituti ons and per sonnel problems have be en arra nged, y ou can conce ntrate on nati onal devel opment and reforms.

Previous ple nary ses sion is often bra nde d wit h a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by l ooki ng at the t hir d ple num of the init iative to found t he curre nt ce ntral leader shi p collective g overna nce characteristi cs.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of economi c reform in Chi na, pl enary sessi on, 12 s essi on, 14, 1 6 ple nary s essi on have pr ogrammatic meani ng, res pective ly, marki ng the four stages of China's economic reform, a nd that the start -up phase of reform, reform, construction phase a nd perfecti ng the S oci alist market economy framework stage of s ocial ist market economy.

Previous ple nary ses sion topics proposed t o the t hird plenary ses sion of "taking class struggle a s the key link," shifted t o s ociali st moder nizati on;

12 session marked the change from r ural to urba n, esta blis hed wit h publi c owner shi p as the Foundati on of a pla nne d commodity economy;

13 session at a time w hen bot h the ol d and the new system change,

governance a nd re ctify the economic order; 14 .. . Fair and efficie nt and aut horitative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard t he people's intere sts.

Legal authority to uphold t he Constit ution, de epe ning t he reform of admini strative law enfor cement, e ns ure that the rig ht to exerci se judici al power inde pe nde ntly and impartially a ccording t o law the prosecution, perfe cting the r unning me cha nism of j udi cial power, improve t he system of judi cial prote ction of human rig hts. Pl enary se ssi on, Affairs the right t o adhere to t he system, a nd let t he pe opl e aut hority to let t he power run in t he Sun, is shut up in a cage of the sy st em pow er policy. De cisi on Science, impl ementation shoul d be constr ucted strong , supervis e the runni ng of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, pr omoting politi cal integrity, and strive to a chieve cadre s ' honest a nd Gov ernment integrit y, cle an politics.

To form a scientific a nd effective coor dinati on of power re striction and mechani sms to stre ngthe n anti -corrupti on i nstituti onal i nnovation and instit utional pr otection, s ound im provement style normal system. Ple nary se ssion,

buil ding a socia list culture in Chi na, e nha nci ng national cultural s oft powe r, must a dher e to the orientation of adva nce d S oci alist culture, a dher e to the development of Socialist culture with Chine se characteristi cs, a dhere to the people-ce ntred work -orie nted, furt her dee pe ning reform of cult ure.

To improve the cultural ma nagement system, esta blis h and improve the moder n m arket system and buil ding modern public cult ural service system, improve t he level of culture ope ning. Plenary sess ion, achieving development res ults more e quita ble be nefit of all pe ople, w e must s peed up r eform of social programs and solve the is sues of concer n to the people the most dire ct and real interest, a nd better meet the nee ds of the pe ople .

To deepen educati on reform, impr ove instit utional mechanisms for t he



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