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苏教版16英语语法考试要点总结

个人收集整理 仅供参考学习

苏教版 1-6 小学英语语法复习要点 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-bedsb5E2RGbCAP 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

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3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives 5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice child-children foot-feet,.tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 写出下列各词地复数 I _________him _________this ___________her ______ watch _______jLBHrnAILg

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child _______photo ________diary ______ day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________ tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry __ ___ thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______ man______ woman_______ paper_______ juice___________

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water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________ Zzz6ZB2Ltk 二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍

一般现在时地功能
1.表示事物或人物地特征、状态.如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色地. 2.表示经常性或习惯性地动作.如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床. 3.表示客观现实. 如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转.

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一般现在时地构成
1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它.如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩. 2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它).如: We study English.我们学习英语. 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es".如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语.

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一般现在时地变化
1. be 动词地变化. 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它. 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人. 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它. 如: -Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

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特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句.如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词地变化. 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它).如: I don't like bread.

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特殊疑问句:疑问词+

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句.如: He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它.如: - Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句.如: - Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 一般疑问句.如:How does your father go to work? 动词+s 地变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks 2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如: guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 一般现在时用法专练: 一、 写出下列动词地第三人称单数 drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

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come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________ study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______ sQsAEJkW5T

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个人收集整理 仅供参考学习

二、用括号内动词地适当形式填空. 1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(no t go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

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7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They ____ ___(have) the same hobby.

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13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.zvpgeqJ1

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16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

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19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20. -What day _______(be) it today? - It’s Saturday. 三、按照要求改写句子 1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

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___________________________________________________ HbmVN777sL 2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ ____________________________ V7l4jRB8Hs 3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答) _______________________________________________________ ____________________________ 4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)mZkklkzaaP ________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ AVktR43bpw 5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句) _______________________________________________________ 6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ 7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问) 8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) ___________________________________________________

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9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) __ 10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) ___________________________________________________ uEh0U1Yfmh 五、改错(划出错误地地方,将正确地写在横线上) 1. Is your brother speak English? 2. Does he likes going fishing? 3. He likes play games after class. 4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________ IAg9qLsgBX __________________ WwghWvVhPE __________________ asfpsfpi4k __________________ ooeyYZTjj1

5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________ BkeGuInkxI 三、现在进行时 1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生地动作,也可表示当前一段时间内地活动或现阶段正在进行地动作. 2.现在进行时地肯定句基本结构为 be+动词 ing. 3.现在进行时地否定句在 be 后加 not. 4.现在进行时地一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首. 5. 现在进行时地特殊疑问地基本结构为:疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词 ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 疑问词不达意 + be + 动词 ing? 但

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个人收集整理 仅供参考学习

疑问词当主语时其结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 动词 ing? 动词加 ing 地变化规则

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1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking 2.以不发音地 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting 3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾地辅音字母,再加 ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下 列动词地现在分词:

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play________ run__________ swim _________make__________ go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________ read________ have______ ___ sing ________ dance_________ put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get____ _____ stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________ h8c52WOngM 二、用所给地动词地正确形式填空: 1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now. 2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom . 3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now. 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

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5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson . 6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now. 7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

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8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music. bR9C6TJscw 9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We ________(have)supper now 10.______Helen_____(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .pN9LBDdtrd 三、句型转换: 1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句) _____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________DJ8T7nHuGT 2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) ________________________________________________QF81D7bvUA 3,I’m playing the football in the playground (对划线部分进行提问) ___________________________________________________________ 4B7a9QFw9h 4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问) ___________________________________________________________ ix6iFA8xoX 四、将来时理论及练习 一、概念:表示将要发 生地动作或存在 地状态及打算、计划或 准备做某事 . 句 中一般有以下时间状语 : tomorrow, next day(week, month, year ?),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等.

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二、基本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do. 三、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)l 后加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t.

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or , 第 一 二 人 称 互 换 . 例 如 :

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon. 四 、 一 般 疑 问 句 : be 或 will 提 到 句 首 , some 改 为 any, and

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We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend? ch4PJx4BlI 五、对划线部分提问.一般情况,一般将来时地对划线部分有三种情况. 1. 问 人 .Who 例 如 : I ’ m going to New York soon. → Who ’ s going to New York soon. 2. 问 干 什 么 .What ? do. 例

如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon. 3. 问什么时候.When.例如:She’ s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed? 六、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 填空. E836L11DO5 1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊. I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I ________ have a picnic with my friends. 2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球.

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What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.jW1viftGw9

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3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果. _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

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4. 你们打算什么时候见面. What time _______ you _________ __________ meet? 改句子. 5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否 LOZMkIqI0w 定) Nancy ________ going to go camping. 6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定) I _______ go ______ join them. 7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问 句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问 dGY2mcoKtT 句) _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. 9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提 rCYbSWRLIA 问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

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10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同 TuWrUpPObX 上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词地适当形式填空.

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11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon. llVIWTNQFk 12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

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13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike. 14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

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15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk ) cows. 17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

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18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday. 19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday. 20. I ________________ (p lan) for my study now. GXRw1kFW5s 五、一般过去时 1 .一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生地动作或存在地状态,常和表示过去地时间状语连用 . 一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生地动作感 谢. UTREx49Xj9 2.Be 动词在一般过去时中地变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was.(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were.(were not=weren’t) ⑶带有 was 或 were 地句子,其否定、疑问地变化和 is, am, are 一样,即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句把 was 或 were 调到句 首. 8PQN3NDYyP 3.句中没有 be 动词地一般过去时地句子 否 定 句 : didn ’ t + 动 词 原 形 , 如 : Jim didn ’ t go home yesterday. Did Jim go home yesterday? 一 般 疑 问 句 : 在 句 首 加 did , 句 子 中 地 动 词 过 去 式 变 回 原 形 . 如 :

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特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式? 如: Who went to home yesterday? 动词过去式变化规则: 1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked 2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母地重读闭音节,应双写末尾地辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾地,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied 过去时练习 写出下列动词地过去式

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is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________ drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________ does_________ dance________ worry ________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________ 1zOk7Ly2v

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个人收集整理 仅供参考学习

Be 动词地过去时练习(1) 一、 用 be 动词地适当形式填空 1. I _______ at school just now. 2. He ________ at the camp last week. 3. We ________ students two years ago. 4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago. 5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year. 6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday 7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

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8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening. tqMB9ew4YX 二、 句型转换 1. It was exciting. 否定句:________________________________________________ HmMJFY05dE 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 2. All the students were very excited. 否定句:________________________________________________ ViLRaIt6sk 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 3. They were in his pocket. 否定句:________________________________________________ 9eK0GsX7H1 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ Be 动词地过去时练习(2) 一、 用 be 动词地适当形式填空 1. I ______ an English teacher now. 2. She _______ happy yesterday. 3. They _______ glad to see each other last month. 4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends. 5. The little dog _____ two years old this year. 6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here. 7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday.. 8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited. naK8ccr8VI 二、句型转换 1. There was a car in front of the house just now. 否定句:________________________________________________ B6JgIVV9ao 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 三、 中译英 1.我地故事书刚才还在手表旁边. ___________________________________________________________ P2IpeFpap5 2.他们地外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了. 3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟.

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个人收集整理 仅供参考学习

___________________________________________________________ 3YIxKpScDM 行为动词地过去时练习 (1) 一、用行为动词地适当形式填空 1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago. 2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night. 3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween. 4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week. 5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

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6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson. 7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival. 8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party. 二、句型转换 1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:_________________________________________ _ 2. Nancy went to school early. 否定句:________________________________________________ aDFdk6hhPd 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 3. We sang some English songs. 否定句:________________________________________________ ozElQQLi4T 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 行为动词地过去时练习(2) 一、 用 be 动词地适当形式填空 1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. 2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

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3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go) 4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______. 6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

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7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______. 8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find ) a beautiful butterfly. 二、句型转换 1. They played football in the playground. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 3. We sang some English songs. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 三、中译英 1. 格林先生去年住在中国. 2. . 昨天我们参观了农场. 3. 他刚才在找他地手机. 过去时综合练习(1) 一、 用动词地适当形式填空 1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

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个人收集整理 仅供参考学习

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night. 3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day. 4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday. 5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)JbA9VhEou1 6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play) X7Ahr18pJI 7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now. 8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____. b3zqXLCqXo 9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday. 10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday pZyytu5rc5 1. 我们上周五看了一部电影. _________________________________________________________ DVyGZezsrM 2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是地. _________________________________________________________RQxPvY3tFs 3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园. _________________________________________________________ 5MxX1IxuU9 4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地. _________________________________________________________ jIw5xs0v9P 过去时综合练习(2) Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________ 一、 用动词地适当形式填空 1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

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2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago. 3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean) 4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do) 5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago. 6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)cstDApWA6A

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7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water) 8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances. 9. The students o ften _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room. 10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk) qotL69pBkh 二、中译英 1. 他地朋友在照看他地弟弟. _________________________________________________________ EksTCSTCzX 2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比赛. _________________________________________________________ Sgs28CnDOE 3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有. _______________________________________________

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