当前位置: 首页 > >

2018高考英语二轮复习阅读理解话题学案(一)广告应用类ppt课件精选教学PPT_图文

话题学案(一) 广告应用类

广告应用类文章与人们的日常生活密切相关,实用性 强,可以很好地考查考生提取信息和处理信息的能力,一 直是高考命题的热点题材。设题时命题者往往把原汁原 味、主题类似的几篇广告放在一起,题目设置以考查考生 对细节的快速捕捉和理解为主,同时注重考查考生对文章 写作目的和意图的推断。

[高考典例——2017·全国卷Ⅰ阅读理解A]
Pacific Science Center Guide ◆Visit Pacific Science Center's Store Don't forget to stop by Pacific Science Center's Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or souvenir to remember your visit.The store is located (位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laser Dome.

◆Hungry? Our exhibits will feed your mind, but what about your body? Our caféoffers a complete menu of lunch and snack options, in addition to seasonal specials.The café is located upstairs in Building 1 and is open daily until one hour before Pacific Science Center closes.

◆Rental Information Lockers are available to store any belongings during your visit.The lockers are located in Building 1 near the Information Desk and in Building 3.Pushchairs and wheelchairs are available to rent at the Information Desk and Denny Way entrance.ID required.

◆Support Pacific Science Center Since 1962, Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion (热情) for discovery and lifelong learning in science, math and technology. Today, Pacific Science Center serves more than 1.3 million people a year and brings inquiry-based science education to classrooms and community events all over Washington State.It's an amazing accomplishment and one we cannot achieve without generous support from individuals, corporations, and other social organizations.Visit pacificsciencecenter.org to find various ways you can support Pacific Science Center.

语篇解读:本文是一篇应用文。文章为游客提供了去太平洋科学 中心的一些参观指南,并鼓励游客为该中心的发展捐款。

1.Where can you buy a souvenir at Pacific Science Center?

A.In Building 1.

B.In Building 3.

C.At the Laser Dome.

D.At the Denny Way entrance.

解析:细节理解题。根据第一部分“... or souvenir to remember your visit.The store is located (位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laser Dome.”可知,纪念品商 店在3号楼,故选B。

答案:B

2.What does Pacific Science Center do for schools?
A.Train science teachers. B.Distribute science books. C.Inspire scientific research. D.Take science to the classroom. 解析:细节理解题。根据最后一部分的“Today, Pacific Science Center serves more than 1.3 million people a year and brings inquiry-based science education to classrooms and community events”可知,太平洋科学中心把科学教育带入课堂,故选D。 答案:D

3.What is the purpose of the last part of the text?
A.To encourage donations. B.To advertise coming events. C.To introduce special exhibits. D.To tell about the Center's history. 解析:写作意图题。根据最后一部分的标题“Support Pacific Science Center”和“Visit pacificsciencecenter.org to
find various ways you can support Pacific Science Center.” 可知,该部分的写作目的是鼓励人们以各种方式支持太平 洋科学中心,也就是捐款。 答案:A

词汇积累 1.apply vt. 2.applicant n. 3.reservation n. 4.advertise v. 5.free adj. 6.available adj. 7.output n. 8.fee n. 9.practical adj.

申请 申请者 预订;预约 做广告;登广告 免费的 可利用的 产量;输出量 费用;酬金 实际的;实践的;实用的

10.英语中常用的缩略词。如vs.(对,相对), e.g.(例如), a.m.(上午), p.m.(下午), hr.(小时), ft.(英尺), ml. (毫升), esp.(尤其,特别), m.(男性的;米;百万), f.(女性的), Rd.(路), Co.(公司)等。

读文技法——“先题后文”查读法 广告应用类短文的试题多是以获取信息为主的细节
理解题,阅读此类短文需要考生具备较好的skimming (浏 览)和scanning (查读)的阅读技能,用“先题后文”查读 法读文,既读得快,又做得准。

1.先读题干,审清题目,找出关键词。 2.快速浏览文章,通过关键词来定位重点查读、细读的段落
或语句。由于广告应用类文章生僻词汇较多,对于无关紧 要的生词可以略过。 3.对于一组同类广告,阅读时要注意进行信息对比。

题型技法——细节理解类之直接信息理解题

[解题流程] (以“高考典例” 第1题为例 ) 请点击 第一步:确定题干中的关键词
本题题干的关键词是:Where; buy a souvenir。 第二步:根据关键词定位信息句
本题信息句是第一段中的:The store is located (位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laser Dome.由信息 句中的“in Building 3”可直接得出本题答案为B。 1.Where can you buy a souvenir at Pacific Science Center?

A.In Building 1.

B.In Building 3.

C.At the Laser Dome. D.At the Denny Way entrance.

[规律方法] 1.“审读题干”抓关键
特殊疑问句形式常见表达:以when, where, what, which, who, how等疑问词开头引出的问题。

2.“定位比对”判细节 (1)从题干中提取关键性词语(题眼),题干中的人名、地名、 大写字母、时间、数字等都是定位信息的关键词,找到关键 词有利于迅速、准确地定位信息句。 (2)以关键词为线索,运用略读、跳读及查读的技巧快速在文 章中寻找与此问题相关的段落、语句,快速定位该题与哪一 段哪一句有关。 (3)仔细推敲、认真比较所给选项与文中细节的细微区别,在 准确理解细节的前提下,最后确定答案。

A

文体 词数 建议用时 实际用时 押题指数

应用文 306

7分钟

★★★

(2018届高三·合肥四校联考) Famous resorts (度假胜地) on the earth

Maldives Maldives is famed as the last paradise (乐园) on the earth.It's made up of more than 1,800 coral islands, spreading over a sea area of about 90 thousand square kilometers on the Indian Ocean.People in Maldives believe in Islam.They must observe the religious rules strictly.However, tourists don't need to follow these customs inside hotels, but they must do as the locals when they enter the community of the local people.

Jeju Island Jeju Island, also known as the “Islands of the Gods”, is the biggest island of South Korea.It is a volcanic island with a pleasant climate.Its yearly average temperature is 16℃, which makes it the most attractive vacation stop in Northeast Asia.It has gained fame as a shopping paradise.Here all the luxury brands are free of duty.Every summer thousands of tourists come here to look for the gods, enjoy the coolness of the gentle sea breeze and buy cheap luxuries.

Phuket Island Phuket Island, the biggest island of Thailand, is called a pearl on the Indian Ocean.It is world-famous for its beautiful beaches.Some are quiet and tourist-friendly, and some are as luxurious as personal vacation beaches.Some are famous for sea sports and some are attractive to lovers of evening entertainments.Therefore, you'll have a good time here whether you're single or accompanied by your friends.

Hayman Island Hayman Island, a secret vacation island, is one of the coral islands that make up the Great Barrier Reef.Every year thousands of tourists come here to admire the beauty of the tropic sea and the charming scene of the Great Barrier Reef.However, they seldom see any waiters and waitresses around as they work in and travel through a special tunnel (通 道).This is why it's called the most secret resort.
语篇解读:本文主要介绍了几个著名的旅游度假胜地。

1.If you intend to do some shopping besides sightseeing,

________ maybe is your best choice.

A.Maldives

B.Phuket Island

C.Jeju Island

D.Hayman Island

解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的“the most attractive

vacation stop”和“It has gained fame as a shopping

paradise.Here all the luxury brands are free of duty.”可

知,在济州岛除了可以欣赏美景之外,还可以购物。 答案:C

2.Tourists should ________ in Maldives when getting out of the hotels. A.follow the local rules B.watch out for sharks C.stay in secret tunnels D.stay away from the local people 解析:细节理解题。根据第一段的“However, tourists don't need to follow these customs inside hotels, but they must do as the locals when they enter the community of the local people.” 可知,到马尔代夫旅游的人在当地社区时要入乡随俗。 答案:A

3.Phuket Island is regarded as ________ by tourists. A.the Islands of the Gods B.a pearl on the Indian Ocean C.a secret vacation island D.the last paradise on the earth 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段的“Phuket Island, the biggest island of Thailand, is called a pearl on the Indian Ocean.”可知,普吉岛被旅游者称为印度洋上的一颗珍珠。 答案:B

4.Tourists think Hayman Island is secret because ________. A.they are strictly limited within the hotel B.they aren't allowed to swim in the sea C.they are forbidden to bargain in the market D.they can't meet servants around them
解析:细节理解题。根据最后一段的“However, they seldom see any waiters and waitresses around as they work in and travel through a special tunnel (通道).”可知,答案为D项。 答案:D

文体

B
词数 建议用时 实际用时 押题指数

应用文 296

6分钟

★★★

(2018届高三·郑州六校摸底)

English Conversation

Leader: Mandi Ashmore english@ iwc-lausanne.org We meet on Mondays at 14:30 at the IWC clubhouse. We

chat for about an hour and discuss everything. Mandi asks

“students” to contact her on Monday to confirm the class as

sometimes she needs to cancel for various reasons or occasionally she may choose to hold the class at a different venue (举办地点) or

at an earlier time for us to be able to have lunch together.

French Conversation, Advanced Beginner Leader: Marielle Sulmoni frenchconvo@ iwc-lausanne.org I'm French (born in Bordeaux) and Swiss by marriage. I hold an advanced beginners' French conversation class on Tuesday afternoons from 14:30-16:00. We meet weekly at the clubhouse in a friendly atmosphere. I hope to help you use your knowledge of French, allowing you to speak with no fear of making mistakes, which in time will become fewer and fewer.

French Language Lab, Beginner Leader: Maija Remlinger frenchlab@ iwc-lausanne.org The group meets on Thursday afternoons from 15:00-16: 30 at the clubhouse. The first half of the class is devoted to reading out loud from the book “Easy French Reader”, working on proper pronunciation and phrasing. During the second half, we listen to audio recordings from “New French with Ease” and work on oral comprehension.

French Conversation, Advanced Leader: Juliette Brull french@ iwc-lausanne.org We meet every Tuesday at the IWC clubhouse from 9:30- 11:00. Most of our time is devoted to very lively discussions about current events and various topics. We also read a book written by a French author and sometimes we see a French movie.

语篇解读:本文是一篇应用文,主要介绍了四个语言学习俱乐部, 内容包括俱乐部的负责人、联系方式以及俱乐部的活动。 5.Why are you advised to contact Mandi?
A.To check the arrangement. B.To exchange ideas. C.To decide the topics. D.To ask for leave. 解析:细节理解题。根据English Conversation中的“contact her on Monday to confirm the class ...”可知,与 Mandi 联系是为 了确认俱乐部的课程安排。 答案:A

6.Which of the clubs focuses mainly on the basic knowledge of language? A.English Conversation. B.French Conversation, Advanced Beginner. C.French Language Lab, Beginner. D.French Conversation, Advanced. 解析:细节理解题。根据 French Language Lab, Beginner中的“working on proper pronunciation and phrasing”和“work on oral comprehension”可知,该俱乐 部更注重基础语言知识的学习。 答案:C

7.Who will you get in touch with if you like watching French films?

A.Mandi Ashmore.

B.Marielle Sulmoni.

C.Maija Remlinger.

D.Juliette Brull.

解析:细节理解题。根据French Conversation, Advanced中的

“sometimes we see a French movie”以及“Leader: Juliette Brull”

可知,该俱乐部有时会观看法国电影,其负责人为Juliette

Brull。

答案:D

文体 应用文

词数 226

C 建议用时
6分钟

实际用时

押题指数 ★★★★

(2017·云南省第一次高中毕业生统一检测)

City College Union Inc Secretary/Typist
The Union is a student-run organization with a permanent staff of 20.Typing speed: at least 60 wpm.
The ability to take shorthand dictation and a working knowledge of filling procedures are essential requirements.

The basic salary for the position is $18,500 per year. Enquires to R.Barbar 387-5075. Emu Airline Secretary Emu Airline is now offering a part-time position for a secretary. The position offers at least 20 hours' work a week, with a view to full-time work in the future.Monthly salary is about $1,400. Phone 899-3264 for an appointment.

Word Processor Operator (full-time)
We need an operator to work in an office associated with the building industry.Only experienced operators are expected to apply.
Starting salary: $17,950 yearly. Apply in writing to:The Personnel Officer Hill Morgan Pty Ltd 38 Green Hill Rd.Kensington 2033.

Sewing Machinist Wanted Jeans Industry
We are an expanding clothing company located south of the city.Our products include jeans, skirts, shorts and so on.We are looking for sewing machine operators.
The factory works a 38-hour week over 4-5 days.Wages for this are $18,050 per year.Wages and conditions are in line with the current industrial award.
If you are interested, come over and pick up an application form from Ripper Jeans, 23 North Ave, Beaudesert.

语篇解读:本文是一篇应用文。文章介绍了四则招聘启事。 8.What do these four advertisements have in common? A.Each of them is commented by their manager. B.They are located in the south of the same city. C.Their companies are introduced in detail. D.They all want people in the proper position. 解析:推理判断题。通过浏览全文可知,本文是四则招聘启事, 所以它们的共同之处就是关于某一个职位招聘合适的人才。
答案:D

9.The applicants for the post of a secretary in City College
Union Inc should have the following qualities EXCEPT_____. A.ability of organization B.knowledge about filling the form C.typing skill D.writing rapidly 解析:细节理解题。根据第一则招聘启事中“Typing speed: at least 60 wpm.”和“The ability to take shorthand dictation
and a working knowledge of filling procedures are essential requirements.”可知,这个职位对A选项没有要求。 答案:A

10.The attractiveness of the post in Emu Airline is ________. A.its promising future B.its free flying C.its good salary D.its nice working conditions 解析:细节理解题。根据第二则招聘启事中“...with a view to full-time work in the future ...”可知,这一兼职工作可以成为 未来的全职工作。B、D两项在文中没有提及,而在薪水方面 又比其他三个职位少,所以排除C。 答案:A

11.If you want to be a sewing machine operator, you may contact

this company by ________.

A.visit

B.fax

C.phone

D.email

解析:细节理解题。根据最后一段come over可知,想要申请

这个职位需要到Ripper Jeans, 23 North Ave, Beaudesert领取

申请表,并且没有说明其他的联系方式。

答案:A

文体 应用文

词数 279

D
建议用时 7分钟

实际用时

押题指数 ★★★★

(2017·石家庄市高中毕业班第一次模拟考试)
Best Companies Shine United (Madison, Wisconsin) In the past five years, this Wisconsin-based advertising agency has shared more than $500,000 in profits with its employees through the company's ShineShares program.The agency partnered with the University of Wisconsin's oncology
department to develop the Ride, a biking event that benefits cancer research.Employees also get snacks every day, “Beer Thirty” on Thursdays, and Summer Fridays, a program that lets employees leave at noon.

GroundFloor Media (Denver, Colorado) The key for workers at this midsize public relations firm in Denver is that employees work anytime, anywhere.Headquarters are in a former warehouse downtown, near Coors Field.The offices are spread around the central space that doubles as a wet bar every Thursday when the company's “beer club” brings in a new brew.

Ergodyne (St.Paul, Minnesota) The St.Paul-based company has grown to operate out of a retired storehouse with plenty of natural light.Rules about dressing? “Wear something.” Its purpose? To create cool, comfortable, and tough safety workwear for those who need it to get the job done.Ergodyne has around 50 employees, who enjoy hot-dish cook-offs, tickets to sporting events, and at least one happy hour every quarter.

Southwest Michigan First (Kalamazoo, Michigan) It's family first at this Michigan economic development advising agency.CEO Ron Kitchens says that in the past year, the company has made a push to go green, initially started by the millennial employees who make up half the agency's workforce. A new staff position was created for the purpose of making sure every employee is able to balance working and cheering at their kids' sporting events or going fishing. 语篇解读:本文是一篇广告类应用文,主要介绍了美国四个对员 工最好的公司。它们有的和员工分享利润并给员工提供零食和啤 酒,有的鼓励员工陪伴家人,有的允许员工在任何时候任何地点 工作,有的允许员工穿着随意的衣服。

12.What's the purpose of the ShineShares program? A.To raise money for a research. B.To let employees leave earlier. C.To share the company's benefits. D.To partner with a local university.
解析:细节理解题。根据第一段第一句可知,在过去的五年时 间里,这家位于威斯康星州的广告代理公司通过ShineShares项 目和公司员工分享了五十万美元的利润;据此可知, ShineShares项目的目的在于和员工分享利润,故C项正确。 答案:C

13.What does Southwest Michigan First encourage their employees to do? A.To accompany their families. B.To create new staff positions. C.To join in cooking competitions. D.To enjoy themselves in sporting events.
解析:推理判断题。根据最后一段第一句的“It's family first ...” 和最后一句可知,该公司创立了新的职位,目的是保证每个员 工能平衡工作和在孩子的运动会中加油或钓鱼的安排;据此可 以判断,该公司鼓励员工陪伴家人,故A项正确。 答案:A

14.Which company allows its staff a flexible working time? A.Shine United. B.GroundFloor Media. C.Southwest Michigan First. D.Ergodyne. 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知,在该中等规 模的公关公司工作的重点是员工可以在任何时间任何地点 工作;据此可知,GroundFloor Media公司允许员工有灵 活的工作时间,故B项正确。 答案:B

15.What can we know about the companies mentioned in the
text?
A.They offer employees financial support.
B.They care about employees' happiness.
C.They have strict rules about dressing.
D.They have training programs. 解析:推理判断题。通读全文可知,本文主要介绍了美国的 四个通过自己的政策为员工谋幸福的公司:Shine United公司 与员工分享利润,为员工提供零食;GroundFloor Media公 司允许员工有灵活的工作时间;Ergodyne公司允许员工任意 穿着以创造轻松安全的工作环境;Southwest Michigan First 公司鼓励员工陪伴家人。故B项正确。 答案:B

s, some say she quoted every book of the bible by memory and it took a whole day and awhole night. What is certain is, at the end of it all, Darcus slumped deeper into the recesses of his chair, looked mournfully at the television with whom he had had such an understanding, compassionate relationship so uncomplicated, so much innocent affection and a tear squeezed its way out of its duct and settled in a crag underneath his eye. Then he said just one word: Hmph. Hmph was all Darcus said or ever was to say after. Ask Darcus anything; query him on any subject at any hour of the day and night; interrogate him; chat with him; implore him; declare your love for him; accuse him or vindicate him and he will give you only one answer. "I say, isn't dat right, Darcus?""Hmph.""An' it not," exclaimed Hortense, returning to Clara, having received Darcus's grunt of approval, 'dat young man's soul you boddrin' yourself wid! How many times must I tell you you got no time for bwoys!"For Time was running out in the Bowden household. This was 1974, and Hortense was preparing for the End of the World, which, in the house diary, she had marked carefully in blue biro: i January 1975. This was not a solitary psychosis of the Bowdens.
There were eight million Jehovah's Witnesses waiting with her. Hortense was in large, albeit eccentric, company. A personal l etter had come to Hortense (as secretary of the Lambeth branch of the Kingdom Halls), with a photocopied signature from William J. Rangeforth of the largest Kingdom Hall in the USA, Brooklyn, confirming the date. The end of the world had been officially confirmed with a gold-plated letterhead, and Hortense had risen to the occasion by setting it in an attractive mahogany frame. She had given it pride of place on a doily on top of the television between a glass figurine of Cinderella on her way to the Ball and a tea-cosy embroidered with theTen Commandments. She had asked Darcus whether he thought it looked nice. He had hmphed his assent. The end of the world was nigh. And this was not the Lambeth branch of the church of the Jehovah's Witnesses was to be assured like the mistakes of 1914 and 1925. They had been promised the entrails of sinners wrapped around the trunks of trees, and this time the entrails of sinners wrapped around the trunks of trees would appear. They had waited so long for the rivers of blood to overflow the gutters in the high street, and now their thirst would be satiated. The time had come. This was the right date, this was the only date, all other dates that might have been proffered in the past were the result of some bad calculations: someone forgot to add, someone forgot to minus, someone forgot to carry the one. But now was the time. The real thing, i January 1975.
Hortense, for one, was glad to hear it. The first morning of 1925 she had wept like a baby when she awoke to find instead of hail and brimstone and universal destruction the continuance of daily life, the regular running of the buses and trains. It had been for nothing, then, all that tossing and turning the previous night; waiting for those neighbours, those who failed to listen to your warnings, to sink under a hot and terrible fire that shall separate their skin from their bones, shall melt the eyes i n their sockets, and burn the babies that suckle at their mothers' breasts ... so many of your neighbours shall die that day that their bodies, if lined up side by side, will stretch three hundred times round the earth and on their charred remains shall the true Witnesses of the Lord walk to his side. The Clarion Bell, issue 245 How bitterly she had been disappointed! But the wounds of 1925 had healed, and Hortense was once again ready to be convinced that apocalypse, just as the right holy Mr. Rangeforth had explained, was round the corner. The promise of the 1914 generation still stood: This generation shall not pass, till all these things bejulfilkd (Matthew 24:34). Those who were alive in 1914 would live to see the Armageddon. It had been promised. Born in 1907, Hortense was getting old now, she was getting tired and her peers were dying off like flies. 1975 looked like the last chance. Had not two hundred of the church's best intellectuals spent twenty years examining the bible, and hadn't this date been their unanimous conclusion? Had they not read between the lines in Daniel, scanned for the hidden meaning in Revelation, correctly identified the Asian wars (Korea and Vietnam) as the period spoken of by the angel, 'a time, and times, and half a time'? Hortense was convinced these were the sign of signs. These were the final days. There were eight months to the end of the world. Hardly enough time! There were banners to be made, articles to be written ("Will the Lord Forgive the Onanist?"), doorsteps to be trod, bells to be rung. There was Darcus to think about who could not walk to the fridge without assistance how was he to make it to the kingdom of the Lord? And in all Clara must lend a hand; there was no time for boys, for Ryan Topps, for skulking around, for adolescent angst. For Clara was not like other teenagers. She was the Lord's child, Hortense's miracle baby. Hortense was all of forty-eight when she heard the Lord's voice while gutting a fish one morning, Montego Bay, 1955. Straight away she threw down the marlin, caught the trolley car home and submitted to her least favourite activity in order to conceive the child He had asked for. Why had the Lord waited so long? Because the Lord wanted to show Hortense a miracle. For Hortense had been a miracle child herself, born in the middle of the legendary Kingston earthquake, 1907, when everybody else was busy dying miracles ran in the family. Hortense saw it this way: if she could come into this world in the middle of a ground shaker, as parts of Montego Bay slipped into the sea, and fires came down from the mountains, then nobody had no excuses about nothing no how. She liked to say: "Being' barn is de hardest part! Once ya done dat no problems." So now that Clara was here, old enough to help her with door stepping administration, writing speeches and all the varied business of the church of the Jehovah's Witnesses, she'd better get on with it. No time for boys. This child's work was just beginning. Hortense born while Jamaica crumbled did not accept apocalypse before one's nineteenth birthday as any excuse for tardiness. Yet strangely, and possibly because of Jehovah's well documented penchant for moving in a mysterious manner, it was in performing the business of the Lord that Clara eventually met Ryan Topps face to face. The youth group of the Lambeth Kingdom Hall had been sent door stepping on a Sunday morning, Separating the sheep from the goats (Matthew 25:31-46), and Clara, detesting the young Witness men with their bad ties and softly spoken voices, had set off alone with her own suitcase to ring bells along Creig hton Road. The first few doors she received the usual pained faces: nice women shooing her away as politely as possible, making sure they didn't get too close, scared they might catch religion like an infection. As she got into the poorer end of the street, the reaction became more aggressive; shouts came from windows or behind closed doors. "If that's the bloody Jehovah's Witnesses, tell 'em to piss off!"Or, more imaginatively, "Sorry, love, don't you know what day it is? It's Sunday, in nit I'm knackered. I've spent all week creating the land and oceans. It's me day of rest."At No. 75 she spent an hour with a fourteen-year-old physics whizz called Colin who wanted to intellectually disprove the existence of God while looking up her skirt. Then she rang No. 87. And Ryan Topps answered. "Yeah?"He stood there in all his red-headed, black polo-necked glory, his lip curled in a snarl. "I...!..."She tried desperately to forget what she was wearing: a white shirt complete with throat-ruffle, plaid knee-length skirt and sash that proudly stated nearer my god to thee. "You want som mink said Ryan, taking a fierce drag of a dying cigarette. "Or som mink Clara tried her widest, buck-toothed smile and went on to auto-pilot. "Marnin' to you, sir. I am from de Lambet Kingdom Hall, where we, de Witnesses of Jehovah, are waitin' for de Lord to come and grace us wid his holy presence once more; as he did briefly hot sadly, invisibly in de year of our farder, 1914. We believe dat when he makes himself known he will be bringing wid 'im de tree-fold fires of hell in Armageddon, dat day when precious few will be saved. Are you int' rested in' "Wot?"Clara, close to tears at the shame of it, tried again. "Are you int' rested in de tea chins of Jehovah?""You wot?""In Jehovah in de tea chins of d'Lord. You see, it like a staircase." Clara's last resort was always her mother's metaphor of the holy steps. "I see dat you walkin' down and der's a missin' step comin'. I'm just tellin' you: watch your step! Me jus wan' share heaven wid you. Me nah wan' fe see you bruk-up your legs."Ryan Topps leant against the door frame and looked at her for a long time through his red fringe. Clara felt she was closing in on herself, like a telescope. It was only moments, surely, before she disappeared entirely. "I 'ave some materials of readin' for your perusal' She fumbled with the lock of the suitcase, flipped the catch with her thumb but neglected to hold the other side of the case. Fifty copies of the Watchtawer spilled over the doorstep. "Bwoy, me ky ant do nuttin' right today ' She fell to the ground in a rush to pick them up and scraped the skin off her left knee. "Owl""Your name's Clara," said Ryan slowly. "You're from my school, ain't ya?""Yes, man," said Clara, so jubilant he remembered her name that she forgot the pain. "St. Jude's.""I know wot it's called."Clara went as red as black people get and looked at the floor. "Hopeless causes. Saint of," said Ryan, picking something surreptitiously from his nose and nicking it into a flowerpot. "IRA. The lot of'em."Ryan surveyed the long figure of Clara once more, spending an inordinate amount of time on two sizeable breasts, the outline of their raised nipples just discernible through white polyester. "You best come in," he said finally, lowering his gaze to inspect the bleeding knee. "Put somefin' on that."That very afternoon there were furtive rumblings on Ryan's couch (which went a good deal further than one might expect of a Christian girl) and the devil won another easy hand in God's poker game. Things were tweaked, and pushed and pulled; and by the time the bell rang for end of school Monday Ryan Topps and Clara Bowden (much to their school's collective disgust) were more or less an item; as the St. Jude's phraseology went, they were 'dealing' with each other. Was it everything that Clara, in all her sweaty adolescent invention, had imagined? Well, 'dealing' with Ryan turned out to consist of three major pastimes (in order of importance):
admiring Ryan's scooter, admiring Ryan's records, admiring Ryan. But though other girls might have balked at dates that took place in Ryan's garage and consisted entirely of watching him pore over the engine of a scooter, eulogizing its intricacies and complexities, to Clara there was nothing more thrilling. She learnt quickly that Ryan was a man of painfully few words and that the rare conversations they had would only ever concern Ryan: his hopes, his fears (all scooter-related) and his peculiar belief that he and his scooter would not live long. For some reason, Ryan was convinced of the ageing fifties motto "Live fast, die young', and, though his scooter didn't do more than 22 mph. downhill, he liked to warn Clara in grim tones not to get 'too involved', for he wouldn't be here long; he was 'going out' early and with a 'bang'. She imagined herself holding the bleeding Ryan in her arms, hearing him finally declare his undying love; she saw herself as Mod Widow, wearing black polo-necks for a year and demanding "Waterloo Sunset' be played at his funeral. Clara's inexplicable dedication to Ryan Topps knew no bounds. It transcended his badlooks, tedious personality and unsightly personal habits. Essentially, it transcended Ryan, for whatever Hortense claimed, Clara was a teenage girl like any other; the object of her passion was only an accessory to the passion itself, a passion that through its long suppression was now asserting itself with volcanic necessity. Over the ensuing months Clara's mind changed, Clara's clothes changed, Clara's walk changed, Clara's soul changed. All over the world girls were calling this change Donny Osmond or Michael Jackson or the Bay City Rollers. Clara chose to call it Ryan Topps. There were no dates, in the normal sense. No flowers or restaurants, movies or parties.
Occasionally, when more weed was required, Ryan would take her to visit a large squat in North London where an eighth came cheap and people too stoned to make out the features on your face acted like your best friends. Here, Ryan would ensconce himself in a hammock, and, after a few joints, progress from his usual monosyllabic to the entirely catatonic. Clara, who didn't smoke, sat at his feet, admired him, and tried to keep up with the general conversation around her. She had no tales to tell like the others, not like Merlin, like Clive, like Leo, Petronia, Wan-Si and the others. No anecdotes of LSD trips, of police brutality or marching on Trafalgar Square. But Clara made friends. A resourceful girl, she used what she had to amuse and terrify an assorted company of Hippies, Flakes, Freaks and Funky Folk: a different kind of extremity; tales of hellfire and damnation, of the devil's love of faeces, his passion for stripping skin, for red-hot-poke ring eyeballs and the flaying of genitals all the elaborate plans of Lucifer, that most exquisite of fallen angels, that were set for i January 1975. Naturally, the thing called Ryan Topps began to push the End of the World further and further into the back-rooms of Clara's consciousness. So many other things were presenting themselves to her, so much new in life! If it were possible, she felt like one of the Anointed right now, right here in Lambeth. The more blessed she felt on earth, the more rarely she turned her thoughts towards heaven. In the end, it was the epic feat of long division that Clara simply couldn't figure. So many unsaved. Out of eight million Jehovah's Witnesses, only 144,000 men could join Christ in heaven.
The good women and good-enough men would gain paradise on earth not a bad booby prize all things considered but that still left a few million who failed to make the grade. Add that to the heathens; to the Jews, Catholics, Muslims; to the poor jungle men in the Amazon whom Clara had wept for as a child; so many unsaved. The Witnesses prided themselves on the absence of hell in their theology the punishment was torture, unimaginable torture on the final day, and then the grave was the grave. But to Clara, this seemed worse the thought of the Great Crowd, enjoying themselves in earthly paradise, while the tortured, mutilated skeletons of the lost lay just under the topsoil. On the one side stood all the mammoth quantities of people on the globe, unacquainted with the teachings of the Watchtower (some with no access to a postbox), unable to contact the Lambeth Kingdom Hall and receive helpful reading material about the road to redemption. On the other side, Hortense, her hair all wrapped up in iron rollers, tossing and turning in her sheets, gleefully awaiting the rains of sulphur to pour down upon the sinners, particularly the woman at No. 53. Hortense tried to explain: "Dem dat died wid out de knowing de Lord, will be resurrected and dem will have an udder chance." But to Clara, it was still an inequitable equation. Unbalanceable books. Faith is hard to achieve, easy to lose. She became more and more reluctant to leave the impress of her knees in the red cushions in the Kingdom Hall. She would not wear sashes, carry banners or give out leaflets. She would not tell anyone about missing steps. She discovered dope, forgot the staircase and began taking the lift.
October 1974. A detention. Held back forty-five minutes after school (for claiming, in a music lesson, that Roger Daltrey was a greater musician than Joharm Sebastian Bach) and as a result, Clara missed her four o'clock meeting with Ryan on the corner of Leenan Street. It was freezing cold and getting dark by the time she got out; she ran through piles of putrefying autumn leaves, searched the length and breadth of Leenan, but there was no sign. It was with dread that she approached her own front door, offering up to God a multitude of silent contracts (I'll never have sex, III never smoke another joint, I'll never wear another skin above the knee) if only he could assure her that Ryan Topps had not rung her mother's doorbell looking for shelter from the wind. "Clara! Come out of de cold."It was the voice Hortense put on when she had company an over-compensation of all the consonants the voice she used for pastors and white women. Clara closed the front door behind her, and walked in a kind of terror through the living room, past the framed hologram of Jesus who wept (and then didn't), and into the kitchen.
"Dear Lord, she look like so meting de cat dragged in, hmm?""Mmm," said Ryan, who was happily shovelling a plate of ackee and salt fish into his mouth on the other side of the tiny kitchen table. Clara stuttered, her buck teeth cutting shapes into her bottom lip. "What are you doing here?""Ha!" cried Hortense, almost triumphant. "You tink you can hide your friends from me for ever?
De bwoy was cold, I letim in, we been havin' a nice chat, haven't we young man?""Mmm, yes, Mrs. Bowden.""Well, don' look so shock. You'd tink I was gwan eatim up or so meting eh Ryan?" said Hortense, glowing in a manner Clara had never seen before. "Yeah, right," smirked Ryan. And together, Ryan Topps and Clara's mother began to laugh.
Is there anything more likely to take the shine off an affair than when the lover strikes up a convivial relationship with the lo vee mother? As the nights got darker and shorter and it became harder to pick Ryan out of the crowd who milled outside the school gates each day at three thirty, a dejected Clara would make the long walk home only to find her lover once more in the kitchen, chatting happily with Hortense, devouring the Bowden household's cornucopia of goodies: ackee and salt fish beef jerky, chicken-rice-and-peas, ginger cake and coconut ices. These conversations, lively as they sounded when Clara turned the key in the door, always fell silent as she approached the kitchen. Like children caught out, they would become sullen, then awkward, then Ryan would make his excuses and leave. There was also a look, she noticed, that they had begun to give her, a look of sympathy, of condescension; and not only that they began to comment on her clothing, which had become steadily more youthful, more colourful; and Ryan what was happening to Ryan? shed his polo-neck, avoided her in school, bought a tie.
Of course, like the mother of a drug addict or the neighbour of a serial killer, Clara was the last to know. She had once known everything about Ryan before Ryan himself knew it she had been a Ryan expert. Now she was reduced to overhearing the Irish girls assert that Clara Bowden and Ryan Topps were not dealing with each other definitively, definitely not dealing with each other oh no, not any more. If Clara realized what was happening, she wouldn't allow herself to believe it. On the occasion she spotted Ryan at the kitchen table, surrounded by leaflets and Hortense hurriedly gathering them up and shoving them into her apron pocket Clara willed herself to forget it. Later that month, when Clara persuaded a doleful Ryan to go through the motions with her in the disabled toilet, she squinted so she couldn't see what she didn't want to see. But it was there, underneath his jumper, there as he leant back on the sink was the glint of silver, its gleam hardly visible in the dismal light it couldn't be, but it was the silver glint of a tiny silver cross.
It couldn't be, but it was. That is how people describe a miracle. Somehow the opposites of Hortense and Ryan had met at their logical extremes, their mutual predilection for the pain and death of others meeting like perspective points on some morbid horizon. Suddenly the saved and the unsaved had come a miraculous full circle. Hortense and Ryan were now trying to save her. "Get on the bike."Clara had just stepped out of school into the dusk and it was Ryan, his scooter coming to a sharp halt at her feet.
"Claz, get on the bike.""Go ask my mudder if she wan' get on de bike!""Please," said Ryan, proffering the spare scooter helmet. "Simportant. Need to talk to you. Ain't much time left.""Why?" snapped Clara, rocking petulantly on her platform heels. "You goin' someplace?""You and me both," murmured Ryan. The right place, ope fully"No.""Please, Claz.""No.""Please. "Simportant. Life or death.""Man.. all right. But me nah wearin' dat ting' she passed back the helmet and got astride the scooter 'not mussin' up me hair."Ryan drove her across London and up to Hampstead Heath, the very top of Parliament Hill, where, looking down from that peak on to the sickly orange fluorescence of the city, carefully, tortuously, and in language that was not his own, he put forward his case. The bottom line of which was this: there was only a month until the end of the world.多年前读朱自清的《背影 》,少 不更事 的年龄 ,没有 太多的 感触。
直到父亲老了,岁月在他的鬓角添加 了一笔 又一笔 的沧桑 和白发 ,直到 父亲的 背影不 再挺拔 ,才懂 得朱自 清文中 父亲背 影的含 义……
记忆中的父亲是沉默的,总是忙忙碌 碌,偶 尔闲下 来的时 候,他 会不说 一句话 ,笑眯 眯地坐 在院子 里看着 我们玩 耍。
那是多年以后,关于家最幸福的记忆 。
长大些,离家远了,偶尔回去,父亲 话也很 少,只 是默默 的为我 忙这忙 那。每 一次打 回家电 话,他 会转身 递给妈 妈,总 是用沉 默,代 替了千 言万语 。
年少的记忆中父亲是高大的,很有力 气的样 子,他 可以在 我学习 进步的 时候把 我高高 举起, 他可以 在我不 开心时 抱我转 几圈哄 我开心 ,当我 生病时 ,他可 以在深 夜里背 我跑过 几个站 台飞奔 向医院 。
长大了才发现,父亲其实并不那么高 大,以 至于我 们这些 孩子的 个头一 个个的 都超过 了他, 以至于 在人山 人海中 转身就 被淹没 了,可 就是那 么瘦削 的肩膀 ,是我 心中最 坚实的 依靠。
父亲是严厉的,小时候,他会在我们 逃学的 时候狠 狠的教 训我们 ,会在 我闯祸 的时候 责骂我 们,会 在我骄 傲的时 候,用 严厉的 目光提 醒我。
长大以后才发现,那个永远也不会被 生活的 困境而 击倒的 人,也 会在我 们离家 的时候 默默的 伤感, 也会因 为想念 我们而 偷偷的 擦眼泪 。
那个曾经对我们要求有点苛刻的人, 再也没 有那么 大的力 气了, 不知不 觉中, 父亲就 老了。
时常会因为生活的负累而加快前行的 脚步, 也会因 为工作 而忽略 了健康 。
我知道,有个人,他不在乎我取得多 大成绩 ,他只 关心我 有没有 吃好饭 ,有没 有休息 好,过 得是不 是快乐 。



相关推荐


友情链接: 时尚网 总结汇报 幼儿教育 小学教育 初中学习资料网