当前位置: 首页 > >

小学一般现在时的句型转换

发布时间:

小学英语肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的详解 一、be 动词:am, is, are 二、肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句定义 1.肯定句:表示肯定的意思, 即不含有否定词“不” 。 比如:我是一个学生 I am a student. 他去上学 He goes to school. 2.否定句:表示否定的意思,即含有否定词“不” 。 比如:我不是一个男孩。 I am not a boy 他不去上学 He does not go to school. 3. 一般疑问句:回答为“是 yes”或者“否 no”的问句。 比如:你是一个学生吗? Are you a student? 你喜欢英语吗? Do you like English? 4. 特殊疑问句:回答不是“是 yes”或者“否 no”的问句,根据提问内容具体回答。 比如:现在几点了? What’s the time? 哪一支笔是你的? Which is your pen? 三、肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的相互转换 有 am, is, are 的句子, 肯定句变否定句:在 am, is, are 后面加上 not,其余按顺序照抄。 肯定句变一般疑问句:把 am, is, are 提前放到句首并大写 Am, Is, Are,其余照抄。 肯定句变特殊疑问句(就划线部分提问) :分 3 步骤 第一步:先变一般疑问句 第二步:找合适的特殊疑问词代替划线部分 第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。 注意:1.一定先变一般疑问句。但是,如果问的是主语或主语的定语时,语序不变,为" 特殊 疑问词(+主语)+陈述句 "。 如:Li ming 's not here today. Who's not here today? 今天谁没来? 2.划线部分不能在特殊疑问句中出现。 when 什么时间(问时间) what date 什么日期 问具体日期 who 谁(问人) what place 什么地点问具体地址 whose 谁的 问主人 how …怎么样 问情况 where 在哪里 问地点 how old 多大 问年龄 which 哪一个 问选择 how many 多少 问数量 why 为什么 问原因 how much 多少 问价钱 what 什么 问东西 how about …怎么样 问意见 what time 什么时间 问时间 how far 多远 问路程 what colour 什么颜色 问颜色 how long 多长 问时间 what about…怎么样 问意见 How soon 多快,多久 问时间 what day 星期几 问星期 How often 多久 问频率 例如: 1.肯定句、否定句和一般疑问句的互换 肯定句:This is a book. 否定句:This is not a book.

一般疑问句:Is this a book? 肯定回答:Yes, it is. 否定回答:No, it isn’t. 2.就划线部分提问(变特殊疑问句) This is a book. 第一步:变一般疑问句 Is this a book? 第二步:找合适的特殊疑问词 Is this what ? 第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。What is this? 没有 am, is, are 的句子, 肯定句变否定句:在主语后面加上 do not 或者 does not,其余按顺序照抄动词用原形 肯定句变一般疑问句:在句首加 do 或者 does 并大写,其余照抄。注意:动词用原形 肯定句变特殊疑问句(就划线部分提问) :分 3 步骤 第一步:先变一般疑问句 第二步:找合适的特殊疑问词代替划线部分 第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。 注意:1.一定先变一般疑问句。但是,如果问的是主语或主语的定语时,语序不变,为" 特殊 疑问词(+主语)+陈述句 "。 2.划线部分不能在特殊疑问句中出现。 非单三时用 do, 单三时用 does 非单三 肯定句:I like English. 一般疑问句: Do you like English? 否定句:I do not like English. 单三 肯定句:He likes English. 一般疑问句: Does he like English? 否定句:He does not like English. 就划线部分提问:I like English. 第一步:先变一般疑问句 Do you like English? 第二步:找合适的特殊疑问词代替划线部分 Do you like what? 第三步:特殊疑问词提前放到句首,并大写,其余按顺序照抄,省略划线部分。 What do you like? 特殊: 1.some 变为 any。如: There are some birds in the tree.→There aren't any birds in the tree. 但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some 可以不变。如: Would you like some orange juice? 与此相关的一些不定代词如 something, somebody 等也要进行相应变化。 2.and 变为 or。如: I have a knife and a ruler.→I don't have a knife or a ruler. 3.a lot of (=lots of)变为 many 或 much。如: They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)→They don't have many friends. There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词) →There isn't much orange in the bottle. 4.already 变为 yet。如: I have been there already.→I haven't been there yet.

小学英语肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的转换练*
一、就划线部分提问。 1) There are six boys. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

2) He likes summer best. 3) The bag is forty yuan.

4) My book is on the desk . 5) They are in the pond. 6) Tom is under the tree.

_________________________________ _________________________________

7) I have got some biscuits. _________________________________ 8) Frogs like bees. _________________________________ 9) He has got two cars. 10) That car is yellow. _________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________

11) My sister is 15 years old. 12) The glasses are Jim’s.

13) There were eleven books in my bag. 14) I go to school by bus.

___________________________________ ___________________________________

15) We go to school five times a week.

二、把下列句子改成一般疑问句。 1) There is a pencil in the desk. _______________________________ 2) Eddie has got some books. ________________________________ 3) They are my friends. ____________________________________

4) Ben and Tom can ride bicycles. _____________________________ 5) I like ladybirds. _____________________________________ 6) I have got a new balloon. _________________________________ 7) Kate likes making kites. ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________

8) There is some soda in the bottle.

9) There are some books in the bookcase. 10) Tom likes action movies.

___________________________________ _________________________________

11) They like making the puppet.

12) Su Hai and Su Yang live in a new house. _______________________________________

13) I am 14). This

listening to music. is my sister.

_______________________________________

_________________________________________ __________________________________________

15) We are sweeping the floor.

三、把下列句子改成否定句。 1) The skateboards are black. ________________________________ 2) Close the door. _________________________________ 3) My father and I like fish. 4) I am listening to _________________________________

music. _______________________________________

5) Mike is

a student._______________________________________

6) Sarah can clean the classroom.________________________________________ 7). They are in 8) There 9) This the zoo.________________________________________ the vase.________________________________________

are some flowers in is

my sister._________________________________________ floor. ___________________________ music. _________________________________________

10) We are sweeping the 11) Tom likes listening to

12) We need some masks._________________________________ 13) They like making the puppet._________________________________ 14) Su Hai and Su Yang live in a new house._______________________________ __ 15) I put a book on my head.______________________________________

四、附加题。 1) Are they circles? Yes, they are. (单数) _______________________

2) You are a student.(用 I 代替 You) ______________________________ 3) There are some aviaries in the park. (单数) ____________________ 4) I have got a camera. (用 Kitty 代替 I) __________________________ 5) There is a book on the desk. (复数) _______________________________




友情链接: 时尚网 总结汇报 幼儿教育 小学教育 初中学习资料网