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2014年山东省聊城市中考历史试题_图文

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market econom y, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervant s ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nm ent, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I Cou nty in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

2014 年山东省聊城市中考历史试题 吴涛整理
(共 100 分,考试时间 70 分钟) 选择题(共 50 分)
一、选择题(下列各小题的四个选项中,只有一项符合题意。每小题 2 分。共 50 分) (2014·山东聊城)1.下列考古发现,能够证明半坡居民比北京人进步的是( )

①打制石器 ②钻孔石斧

③鱼纹彩陶盆

④稻谷遗存

A.①②

B.①④

C.②③

D.③④

(2014·山东聊城)2.春秋战国时期,出现“公作则迟”“分地则速”现象,最主要的是因

为( )

A.分封制的推行 B.百家争鸣的活跃 C.铁器、牛耕的广泛使用 D.合纵连横的开展

(2014·山东聊城)3.柳宗元评价说:“其为制,公之大者也……公天下之端自秦始。”这

一评价主要是基于秦朝( )

A.推行郡县制 B.统一度量衡 C.允许土地买卖 D.建立丞相制

(2014·山东聊城)4.某同学举办“中国古代重大工程”图文展览。“汴水通淮利最多,生

人为害亦相和。东南四十三州地,取尽膏脂是此河。”这首诗与下列哪幅图片搭配最合适?

()

都江堰

秦长城

隋运河

赵州桥

A

B

C

D

(2014·山东聊城)5.唐太宗“民惟邦本,本固邦宁”的思想认识,主要缘自对下列哪一

历史事件的深思?( )

A.春秋诸侯争霸 B.汉末军阀割据 C.魏晋北民南迁 D.隋朝暴政而亡

(2014·山东聊城)6.下表为汉至宋南北方户数统计表(单位:万户)。表中户数变化最能

说明这一时期( )

地区

朝代

宋代(1080

西汉(2 年) 西晋(280 年) 唐代(742 年)

年)

北方

965

149

493

459

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpt i on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform al s o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment , undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s int o positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd p ost consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 car s, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some p ubli c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

南方

111

65

257

830

A.经济重心南移 B.政治统治开明 C.城市经济活跃 D.民族融合加强

(2014·山东聊城)7.某班举行辩论会。四位同学的辩论题目中哪一个准确概括了明清时

期的特征?( )

A.帝国中兴

B.短暂繁荣

C.盛世危机

D.政权并立

(2014·山东聊城)8.马克思说:“代表陈腐世界的清帝国必然要在这场殊死的决斗中死去,

但它是激于禁止毒品的道义原则,而现代社会的代表大英帝国却是为了发财。”这场“决斗”

的结果是清政府( )

A.割让香港岛

B.赔款白银 4.5 亿两

C.划东交民巷为使馆界

D.严禁中国人民反帝

(2014·山东聊城)9.有人说:“辛亥革命使中国人的脑袋和双膝不再是准备磕头,而是为

思考,为走路。”这是因为辛亥革命( )

A.传播了民主共和观念

B.结束了专制独裁统治

C.实现了人民当家做主

D.改变了近代社会性质

(2014·山东聊城)10.1961 年,董必武写下缅怀战友的诗:“四十年前会上逢,南湖泛舟

语从容。济南名士知多少,君与恩铭不老松。”诗中所提会议最重要的内容是( )

A.发动五四运动

B.成立中国共产党

C.创建黄埔军校

D.筹备南昌起义

(2014·山东聊城)11.语汇有着鲜明的时代印记。与

右边形势图相符的语汇是( )

A.师夷长技以制夷

B.打倒孔家店

C.打倒列强除军阀

D.对日寇的最后一战

(2014·山东聊城)12.今年暑假小明准备去陕西参加

“延安精神,革命圣地”为主题的红色旅游。出发前,

他应了解的大事是( )

①红军三大主力会宁会师 ②红军到达吴起镇

③血战台儿庄

④中共七大召开

A.①② B.③④ C.②④ D.①③

(2014·山东聊城)13.1937 年,某报纸评论:“平时军人开小差,一般人夸为精明干练;

今日壮丁逃兵役,人人普遍骂为冷血动物。”这主要是因为( )

A.井冈山根据地创建

B.抗日救亡运动高涨

C.百团大战鼓舞人心

D.抗日战争即将胜利

(2014·山东聊城)14.《解放战争第二年的战略方针》要求:“举行全国性的反攻,即以主

力打到外线去,将战争引向国民党区域,在外线大量歼敌。”体现这一战略方针的军事行动

是( )

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d ac cordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unif ied of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plement ation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market econom y, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o per s onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n in creasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

转战陕北

挺进大别山

淮海战役

渡江战役

A

B

C

D

(2014·山东聊城)15..与右边这幅珍贵的历史照片相符合的事件是

()

A.制定《共同纲领》

B.作出抗美援朝决策

C.通过《中华人民共和国宪法》

D.提出和平共处五项原则

(2014·山东聊城)16.某同学利用下面《李庄农户构成变化表(单位:户)》开展研究性

学习。研究的结论应是( )

年份 雇农 贫农 中农 富农 新富农 地主 其他

1948

86

197 116

18

0

27

2



1953

3

74

355

0

4

0

7



A.土地改革基本完成

B.第一个五年计划顺利实施

C.农业合作化掀起高潮

D.人民公社化运动大规模开展

(2014·山东聊城)17.某同学举办“新中国 65 年发展成就展”,拟分“艰苦创业”“曲折

探索”“改革开放”“世纪跨越”四个篇章。应入选“改革开放”篇的是( )

①第一颗人造

②恢复联合国

③风阳小岗

④邓小平

卫星发射

合法席位

分田到户

深圳题词

A.①②

B.①④

C.②③

D.③④

(2014·山东聊城)18.对古代雅典民主政治形成与发展作出重大贡献的是( )

①梭伦

②屋大维

③伯里克利

④汉谟拉比

A.①②

B.①③

C.②④

D.③④

(2014·山东聊城)19.某班举行辩论会。甲说,这场运动是资产阶级叩响近代社会大门的

思想解放运动;乙说,这场运动借助古代希腊、罗马文化,举起了人文主义旗帜;丙说,这

场运动开辟了“发现人”的时代。他们共同探讨的是( )

A.基督教创立

B.文艺复兴

C.光荣革命

D.启蒙运动

(2014·山东聊城)20.某同学整理的右边这张资料

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject sh oul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o implem e ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l serv ant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and c urb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s int o positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd p ost consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 car s, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some p ubli c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

卡片,可用来研究( )

A.《权利法案》的政治影响

B.《独立宣言》的正义立场

C.《人权宣言》的革命要求

D.《拿破仑法典》的历史地位

(2014·山东聊城)21.右边是某同学在历史课堂笔记上

记下的一组关键词。他学习的应是( )

A.拉美独立运动

B.美国南北战争

C.日本武装倒幕

D.法国巴黎公社

(2014·山东聊城)22.右边是某同学整理的巴黎和会资料卡片。其中表述错误的是和会的

()

A.时间

B.性质

C.内容

D.影响

(2014·山东聊城)23.“这次行动……在战争史上还从

来没有过类似的先例,它迫使希特勒德国在两个战场上同时作战。”这次行动距今( )

A.60 年

B.70 年

C.80 年

D.90 年

(2014·山东聊城)24.“横空出世一战中,工业军事显威名;七十四载旗帜红,大厦倾覆

两极终。”这句话描述的是( )

A.美国的崛起 B.印度的重建

C.德国的分合 D.苏联的兴替

(2014·山东聊城)25.右边漫画形象地描绘了欧洲一百年

间从纷争到联合的历程,联合的关键环节是哪一组织的建

立?( )

A.联合国

B.北大西洋公约组织

C.独立国家联合体

D.欧洲联盟

非选择题(共 50 分)

二、填空题(每空 l 分.共 l0 分)

(2014·山东聊城)26.东汉

的《伤寒杂病论》奠定

了中医治疗学的基础;明代

的《本草纲目》被誉为“东

方医学宝典”。

( 2014 · 山 东 聊 城 ) 27 . 北 魏 孝 文 帝 将 都 城 从 平 城 迁



;明成祖把都城从

迁到北京。

(2014·山东聊城)28.《中华民国临时约法》颁布是在

年;我国第一颗原子弹爆炸

成功是在

年。

(2014·山东聊城)29.在 1955 年的亚非会议上周恩来提出了“

”方针;为实

现祖国统一大业邓小平提出“

”的伟大构想。

(2014·山东聊城)30.美国独立战争的转折点是

战役;第二次世界大战的转折点



战役。

三、材料解析题(每小题 6 分,共 18 分)

(2014·山东聊城)31.阅读下列材料:

臣以为诸不在六艺之科、孔子之术者,皆绝其道,勿使并进。邪辟之说灭息,然后统纪

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d ac cordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unif ied of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plement ation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and c urb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o per s onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n in creasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

可一而法度可明,民知所从矣。
——《汉书》 请回答: (1)材料中的“臣”是谁?(2 分)这是他给哪位皇帝提出的建议?(1 分) (2)用准确的词句概括这个建议,(1 分)并简述其实施产生的影响。(2 分) (2014·山东聊城)32.阅读下列材料:
李济深致国民政府电文:“陕变事起……曾通电主张一致对外……不图讨伐令忽然而下,
值兹强邻压境,国家民族危在旦夕,方谋解救之不暇,何忍再为萁豆之煎?况汉卿通电各项
主张,多为国人所同情者,屡陈不纳,迫以兵谏,绝不宜叛逆目之。”
——摘自 1936 年 12 月《桂林日报》 请回答: (1)材料中的“陕变”指什么事件?(1 分) (2)李济深对国民政府下讨伐令持什么态度?(1 分)归纳他所持态度的理由。(2 分) (3)“陕变”的解决对时局产生的主要影响有哪些?(2 分) (2014·山东聊城)33.阅读下列材料:
很多人认为,这种制度已经成为经济发展和国家生存的障碍。……为了保持俄罗斯的大
国地位,沙皇政府着手开始了一项改革计划。……改革使俄罗斯在 19 世纪最后十年发生了
转型。
——杰里·齐格勒《新全球史》 请回答: (1)材料中“成为经济发展和国家生存障碍”的制度是什么?(2 分) (2)主持改革的沙皇是谁?(1 分)改革的主要内容有哪些?(2 分) (3)俄国“19 世纪最后十年的转型”表现在哪里?(1 分) 四、简答题(每小题 11 分,共 22 分) (2014·山东聊城)34.实现工业化是中国人梦寐以求的愿望。请回答: (1)洋务派在新旧交替的历史背景下开始近代工业建设。洋务派工业建设的成就有哪些? (2 分)作用是什么?(2 分)将答案分别填写在下面的表格里。
成就
作用 (2)1893 年,有人写信给张之洞说:“方今机器之利,粤人知其益者,十之八九;两江闽 浙,十之二三,河洛以北,万不得一。”这段话反映了近代工业发展的什么问题?(1 分) (3)近代工业举步维艰,制约其发展的主要有资金、技术、市场、政治环境诸方面因素。

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject sh oul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o implem e ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l serv ant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and c urb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s int o positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd p ost consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 car s, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some p ubli c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

将制约近代工业发展的具体表现分别填写在下面的表格里。(4 分)

方面

具体表现

资金

技术

市场

政治环境
(4)近代许多工业品都带有“洋”字,如洋车、洋枪、洋炮、洋油、洋布、洋灯、洋伞等, 今天这些词语大都消失了。洋名消失的主要原因有哪些?(2 分) (2014·山东聊城)35.世界发展的历史是一部联系不断加强的历史。请回答: (1)一般认为,真正的世界历史开始于新航路开辟。简述新航路开辟在推进世界联系方面 的作用。(4 分) (2)19 世纪的两次工业革命从广度、深度上助推了世界联系的增强。试从生产力发展、交 通通讯手段改进两个方面给予说明。(4 分)

方面





生产力发展

交通通讯手段
(3)《离开中国制造的一年》是时下热销书。书中记述,2004 年圣诞节,美国人萨拉一家 收到 39 件圣诞礼品,其中 25 件是中国商品。萨拉突发奇想,决定全家不买中国商品。在经 历了无数有趣而无奈的尴尬后,2006 年元旦,萨拉全家不得不与中国商品重修旧好。这从 一个侧面反映了当今世界经济发展的什么趋势?(1 分)出现这一趋势的原因有哪些?(2 分)
参考答案
一、选择题(每小题 2 分,共 50 分) 1.C 2.C 3.A 4.C 5.D 6.A 7.C 8.A 9.A 10.B 11.C 12.C 13.B 14.B 15.A 16.A 17.D 18.B 19.B 20.D 21.B 22.D 23.B 24.D 25.D 二、填空题(每空 1 分,共 10 分) 26.张仲景; 李时珍; 27.洛阳; 南京 ; 28.1912 ;1964; 29.求同存异 ; 一国两制 ; 30.萨拉托加; 斯大林格勒。 三、材料解析题(每小题 6 分,共 18 分) 31.(1)臣:董仲舒。(2 分)皇帝:汉武帝(或刘彻)。(1 分)(2)建议:罢黜百家,独尊 儒术。(1 分)影响:实现了思想统一;加强了中央集权;推进了大一统格局;提高了儒学

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d ac cordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unif ied of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plement ation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and c urb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o per s onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n in creasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

的地位;研习儒学风气兴起;儒学逐渐成为专制王朝的正统思想;束缚了人们的思想。(2

分。每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

32.(1)事件:西安事变(或双十二事变)。(1 分)(2)态度:反对(否定、不赞成、指责、

抨击)。(1 分,答出其中一点即得满分。)理由:发动事变是为停止内战、一致抗日;抗日

主张深得人心;日本侵略加剧;民族危机严重;抗日呼声高涨;张、杨多次劝谏遭斥,被逼

事变;处置张、杨违背民意;不愿内战再起。(2 分。每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

(3)影响:扭转时局;国共第二次合作初步形成;抗日民族统一战线初步形成;团结抗日

新局面到来;十年内战基本结束。(2 分。每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

33.(1)制度:农奴制度。(2 分)(2)沙皇:亚历山大二世。(1 分)内容:废除农奴制度;

农奴在法律上成为自由人;农民拥有财产;白由择业;赎买土地;受村社管理。(2 分。每

点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)(3)表现:走上资本主义发展道路;机器生产取代手工

业;实现工业化。(1 分,答出其中一点即得满分。)

四、简答题(每小题 11 分,共 22 分)

34.(1)本问共 4 分。

举办军事工业;举办民用工业;安庆内军械所;江南制造总局;福州船政局;开平

成就 矿务局;上海机器织布局;湖北织布官局;汉阳铁厂等。(2 分。每点 1 分,答出

其中两点即得满分。

引进了西方先进技术;培养了人才;推动了中国近代化;客观上促进了中国资本主

作用 义发展;抵制了外国经济侵略;增强了国防实力;积累了工业发展的基础;开启了

兴办工业的风气。(2 分。每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

(2)问题:发展不平衡;南方先进、北方落后;东南沿海发达,内陆地区落后;兴办工业

观念落后;对工业建设重要性认识不足。(1 分。答出其中一点即得满分。)

(3)本问共 4 分,答出表中任意四点即得满分。

方面

具体表现

资 金 资金少;投资不足。(每点 1 分)

技 术 技术力量薄弱;依赖西方;缺乏技术人才。(每点 1 分)

市 场 市场狭窄;外国资本主义挤压;官僚资本摧残;自然经济主导。(每点 1 分)

政治环境 半殖民地半封建社会;政局动荡;战乱多;中外反动势力摧残。(每点 1 分)

(4)原因:新中国成立;半殖民地半封建社会结束;实现了民族独立;国家大力发展工业;

工业化建设突飞猛进;民族制造业水平提高快;改革开放;工业品市场供应充足。(2 分。

每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

35.(1)作用:开辟了从欧洲到非洲、美洲、亚洲等地的新航线;发现了美洲大陆;世界各

个地区连在了一起;打破了世界各地相互隔绝和孤立发展的局面;世界各地的交流融合加强;

欧洲国家扩张到亚非拉地区;世界市场雏形形成;世界各地商业联系加强;人们活动范围扩

展。(4 分。每点 1 分,答 jL 其中四点即得满分。)

(2)本问共 4 分。

方面





资本主义国家需要更广阔的商品市场相原料产地;资本主义制度在世界范

生产力发展 围内扩展;海外扩张加剧;更多的亚非拉国家和地区被卷入资本主义市场;

世界市场确立。(2 分。每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

轮船、火车、汽车、飞机等交通 T 具使交通运输更便利;电报、电话等通 交通通讯手段
讯手段使联系更便捷。(2 分。每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

(3)趋势:经济全球化。(1 分)原因:两极格局结束,多极化趋势加强;科学技术进步;

生产力发展;国际分工密切;世界贸易组织推动;市场经济制度普遍确立;跨国公司推动;

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject sh oul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o implem e ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l serv ant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and c urb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork.

Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining

the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s int o positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd p ost consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 car s, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some p ubli c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

国际金融发展;生产力诸要素流动加快;交通通讯便捷;国际局势相对稳定;和平与发展是 时代主题。(2 分。每点 1 分,答出其中两点即得满分。)

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h

high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad.

In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d ac cordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unif ied of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on

monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up.

Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plement ation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he




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