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DDC 22 and BeyondDewey in a Global and Local Context

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DDC 22 and Beyond: Dewey in a Global and Local Context
Joan S. Mitchell Editor in Chief, Dewey Decimal Classification OCLC Australian Committee on Cataloguing Seminar Sydney 25 July 2003
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Outline
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Highlights of DDC 22 DDC 22 and WebDewey Dewey in global/local context Role of Australian librarians

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

DDC 22
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Major updates to schedules and tables Many new numbers and topics Structural changes No complete revisions!

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Updates in DDC 22
004–006 Data processing Computer science 200 Religion 301–307 Sociology & anthropology 340 Law 400 Language 510 Mathematics 540 Chemistry 551.46 Hydrosphere & submarine geology Oceanography 610 Medicine & health 800 Literature 900 History & geography Updates to Tables 1–6
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004–006 Data processing science
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Computer

Computer science now visible at top level:
000 Computer science, information & general works

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New topics, e.g., web, virtual reality, markup languages 005.5 General purpose application programs

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005.5 General purpose application programs [formerly 005.5]
Word processing [formerly 652.5] Electronic spreadsheets Statistical programs Personal information management programs 005.58 Presentation software 005.52 005.54 005.55 005.57

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200 Religion: Two-edition Plan
DDC 21:
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Christianity relocated from 200 to 230 Standard subdivisions of Christianity relocated from 201–209 to 230–270 Standard subdivisions of Comparative religion integrated with Religion in general in 200.1–.9 Revised and expanded 296 Judaism and 297 Islam

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

200 Religion: Two-edition Plan
DDC 22:
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Specific aspects of religion relocated from 291 to 201–209 Expanded sources of Bahai Faith at 297.938 299.6, 299.7, and 299.8 revised and expanded

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201–209 Specific aspects of religion
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Same top-level structure as 291.1–.9 291.5 Moral theology recast as 205 Religious ethics Updated with selected restructuring

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201-209 Specific aspects of religion
201.7 Attitudes of religions toward social issues [formerly 291.17] 201.72 Political affairs [formerly 291.177] 201.721 Theocracy 201.723 Civil rights 201.727 International affairs [formerly 291.1787] 201.7273 War and peace 201.7275 Nuclear weapons and nuclear war

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301–307 Sociology & anthropology
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305–306 Social groups and institutions Updated terminology and relationships Discrimination and racism

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305–306 Social groups & institutions
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Different development and preference order than groups in Table 1 —08 Unworkable split between groups in 305 (e.g., lesbians) and institutions in 306 (e.g., lesbianism) Outdated social viewpoints and relationships Impact of replacement of Table 7

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305 Social groups
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Retain basic structure Provide for fuller expression of social groups, e.g., Australian Aboriginal children 305.230899915 (305.23 in DDC 21)

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305 Social groups vs. 306 Institutions
Relocated persons by sexual orientation and marital status, e.g., DDC 21 DDC 22
Lesbians 305.489664 Unmarried mothers 305.4896947 Divorced persons 305.90653 306.7663 306.87432 306.89

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Updated Terminology and Relationships
DDC 21: Children of unwed parents DDC 22: Children of unmarried parents
DDC 21: Cohabitation in 306.735, part of institutions relating to the sexes DDC 22: Cohabitation in 306.841, a new number under types of marriage

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Discrimination and Racism
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Use notation 08 from Table 1 plus interdisciplinary number:
Discrimination against women in education 370.82 Racism in sports 796.089 Discrimination against retired people 306.3808

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Interdisciplinary works on discrimination and racism in general still in 305 and 305.8
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340 Law
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341 renamed ―Law of nations‖ Topics in 341.4 and 341.7 with domestic law provisions in 342–347 relocated Human rights development Provision for ―intergovernmental organizations‖

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Regional Intergovernmental Organizations
349.24 Laws of the European Union 346.24 Private law in the European Union 346.240482 Copyright law of the European Union

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400 Language
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Grammar expansion in 415 New development for sign languages in 419 with geographic subdivision, e.g., Auslan 419.94 Scandinavian languages revised Expansion for geographic variations of Chinese in 495.171–.179
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Table 4. Subdivisions of Individual Languages & Language Families
—31 —5 —813 —89 Specialized dictionaries expanded Grammar expanded (parallels 415) Spelling and pronunciation Use of a spoken language or a manually coded form of a spoken language for communication with and by deaf persons

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

510 Mathematics
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Targeted revisions and expansions New development at 518: 518 Numerical analysis [formerly 515] 518.1 Algorithms [formerly 511.8] 518.2 Specific numerical methods 518.4 Numerical methods in algebra, arithmetic, number theory 518.5 Numerical approximation 518.6 Numerical methods in analysis
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540 Chemistry
543 Analytical chemistry [544] Qualitative chemistry [545] Quantitative chemistry [547.3] Analytical organic chemistry

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551.46 Hydrosphere and submarine geology Oceanography
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Standard subdivisions regularized in 551.4601–.4609 New development for specific oceans and seas in 551.461 Revised and expanded topical development in 551.462–.468

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

610 Medicine & health
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Revision of 610.73 Nursing and services of allied health personnel New development for experimental medicine at 616.027 (and 619 vacated) Revised and expanded development for virus diseases at 616.91 (relocated from 616.925) New development for gram-positive bacterial infections at 616.929 New numbers for emerging diseases and medical problems throughout the schedule, e.g., 616.775 Sjogren’s syndrome, 616.84913 Cluster headache
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

610 Medicine & health
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Improved index structure
Diseases (Biology) ? Diseases Diseases (Human) ? Diseases—human

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Use of MeSH
Guidance on form of entry Selected mappings in electronic index

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

800 Literature + Table 3
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Use of standard literary period tables for affiliated literatures extended in 810–890, e.g., novel in English by a 21st century New Zealand author 823.92 Revised Scandinavian literatures New notation for picaresque fiction in Table 3B (—30877) Revision of notation 3 in Table 3C
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 3C. Notation to Be Added Where Instructed in Table 3B, 700.4, 791.4, 808-809 —32 Places —35 Humanity —36 Physical and natural phenomena —377 Magic and witchcraft

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900 History & geography
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Updated historical periods and designation of centuries Facilities for travelers moved from 647.94 to 910.46 Holocaust expansion

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994 Updates: Historical Periods
994.065 1993–1996
1996–1999 relocated to 994.066

994.066 1996–1999 [formerly 994.065] 994.07 2000–

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994 Updates: Centuries
994.02 Period of settlement and growth, 1788–1851 Class here 19th century
For 1851–1899, see 994.03

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Facilities for Travelers
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Interdisciplinary and descriptive works in 910.46 Facilities in specific areas in 913–919 New add table development at 06 under 913–919

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Youth Hostels in Queensland, 2003 edition
919.430667

91 943 066 7

Geography and travel Queensland (Table 2) Hostels (913–919 add table) 2000– (from 994.07)

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

940.5318 Holocaust
940.5318 Holocaust 940.53181 General topics of Holocaust 940.531811 Causes 940.531813+ Economic history 940.531814+ Consequences 940.531818 Holocaust denial 940.53183+ Resistance movements and rescue operations 940.53184+ Specific events 940.53185+ Ghettos and extermination camps 940.53186+ Commemorations and memorials 940.53187 Welfare services to Holocaust victims
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 2. Geographic Areas
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New developments for Great Britain, South Africa, France, Colombia, and others issued as interim updates Central Europe, Iran, and Quebec revised and expanded

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 1. Standard Subdivisions
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—029 Commercial miscellany
Subdivisions discontinued and reused for geographic treatment

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Explanation of use of standard subdivisions under —08 and —0901–0905:
If a standard subdivision is not given in the table above, do not add its notation to the kind of person in —081–089
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups
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Renamed (previously ―Racial, Ethnic, National Groups‖) Revised to reflect de-emphasis on race American native peoples in —97 and —98 revised and expanded

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 6. Languages
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Scandinavian languages revised American native languages in —97 and —98 revised and expanded

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Selected New Numbers and Topics
302.231 381.177 523.24 617.057 621.38807 641.56383 651.792 658.3123 775 776 Digital media Online auctions Extrasolar systems Endoscopic surgery Digital television Low-carbohydrate cooking Intranets Telecommuting Digital photography Computer art (Digital art)
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Structural Changes
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Replacement of Table 7 Streamlining of Manual Captions

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 7. Groups of Persons
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Redundant and not always parallel to developments in Table 1 —08 and schedules Replaced by direct use of notation already available in the schedules and in notation 08 from Table 1

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 7. Groups of Persons
174.9 Other professions and occupations
Add to base number 174.9 notation 001–999, e.g., bioethics 174.957; however, for ethics of public administration and public office, see 172.2 Notation 001–999 replaces notation 09–99 from Table 7 with the result that many numbers have been reused with new meanings

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Table 7. Groups of Persons
305.908 Persons with disabilities and illnesses, gifted persons
Add to base number 305.908 the numbers following —087 in notation 0871–0879 from Table 1, e.g., blind persons 305.9081 ... The numbers following —087 in notation 0871–0879 from Table 1 replace the numbers following —08 in notation 081–082 from Table 7 with the result that many numbers have been reused with new meanings
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Manual
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Introduced as separate in 1982 after publication of DDC 19 Integrated and expanded in DDC 20 & 21 Streamlined in DDC 22 to promote efficient use in print and electronic versions Moved to volume 1 in print edition

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Manual: Key Changes
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Notes transferred to tables and schedules Basic instructions moved to Introduction Converted LC practices to standard policy Moved background information to Dewey Decimal

Classification: Principles and Application
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Added notes for new topics, e.g., Computer art Remaining Manual notes rewritten in consistent style

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Manual: Sample Note
T1—074 vs. T1 — 029 Museums, collections, exhibits vs. Commercial miscellany
Use —074 for catalogs whose primary purpose is to promote knowledge or art, such as catalogs of collections; use —029 for catalogs whose primary purpose is to promote sale or distribution of products. Use —074 for catalogs of replicas, duplicates, and minor items when offered for sale in museum- or exhibit-like settings by noncommercial institutions. Also use —074 for auction catalogs (e.g., in art), and for catalogs of temporary exhibits of groups of artists, even if a succession of such exhibits provides most of the artists with their primary source of income. If in doubt, prefer —074.

Captions
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Revised top two levels for presentation in print and electronic versions plus browsers Targeted improvements in section summaries and actual headings More work to do!!!

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Captions from DDC Summaries
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000 Computer science, information & general works* 080 Quotations 598 Birds 610 Medicine & health* 640 Home & family management*

*Also changed in schedules
? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

More about DDC 22
www.oclc.org/dewey/DDC_Edition_22/Relocations_and_ discontinuations.pdf
www.oclc.org/dewey/DDC_Edition_22/NEW_FEATURES. pdf

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

DDC 22 and WebDewey
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Editorial cycle
Print edition as a snapshot in time DDC 22 is updated continuously:
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Biweekly and monthly on Dewey web site (www.oclc.org/dewey) Quarterly releases of WebDewey

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? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

WebDewey
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Online version of DDC 22 Updated quarterly Additional built numbers & Relative Index terms Vocabulary mappings Online annotation Content and tools not available in print version

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

WebDewey

MeSH

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Links to schedule records

Link to Manual note

Sample WebDewey Entries
Australian Aboriginal people—land tenure Dinosaurs—Australia Savannas—ecology—Australia Plants—Australia Sharks—Australia Short stories—English literature—Australian authors 346.9404320899915 567.90994 577.480994 581.994 597.317757
823.0108994

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Dewey in a Global/Local Context
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International advisory committee (EPC) 200,000 libraries in 135 countries 62 national bibliographies

Translations
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Current full translations available in French, Italian, Russian, and Spanish Current abridged translations available in Arabic, French, Greek, Icelandic, and Norwegian Arabic (full), Chinese, Hebrew, Korean, and Vietnamese translations underway German full translation underway in web and print versions

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Meaningful Notation
005.1 005.1 005.1 005.1 005.1 005.1 Programming Programmation Προγραμματισμ?? Programmazione Программирование Programación

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

Area Expansion in German DDC 22
—43551 Regierungsbezirk K? ln —435511 Aachen —435512 Kreise Aachen, Heinsberg, Düren, Euskirchen —4355122 Kreis Aachen —4355124 Kreis Heinsberg —4355126 Kreis Düren —4355128 Kreis Euskirchen —435513 Erftkreis —435514 K? ln —435515 Leverkusen —435516 Rheinisch-Bergischer-Kreis, Oberbergischer Kreis —4355163 Rheinisch-Bergischer-Kreis —4355167 Oberbergischer Kreis —435518 Bonn —435519 Rhein-Sieg-Kreis

Te Pātakataka: DDC and Subject Headings for New Zealand Primary Schools
Rocky shore Dewey:
577.69

Royal New Zealand Air Force Dewey: 358 Waka Dewey: Option: Used for:

623.8 Class at 305.89 Canoes (Maori) Maori canoes

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

DDC caption service

e-Prints UK
Institutional e-print archives Non-institutional e-print archives Personal e-print archives

DDC Subject classification service
OCLC Name authority service Citation analysis service SOAP

OAI-PMH

e-Prints UK

SOAP Javascript/HTTP Z39.50 RDN RDN RDN gateway/portal gateway/portal gateway/portal service service service

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

How Can Australian Librarians Shape the Future of the DDC?
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Share standard numbers in cataloging
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Copy cataloging Model for works on the same topic Source of built numbers for harvesting into DDC

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

How Can Australian Librarians Shape the Future of the DDC?
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Share standard numbers in cataloging
Suggest updates & new developments Propose vocabulary mappings Participate in review and testing Study end user representations

? 2003 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.




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