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2018高考英语二轮复*阅读理解话题学案(九)社会教育类ppt课件完美版

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话题学案(九) 社会教育类 “百年大计,教育为本”。教育担负着立德树人、为 国育才的重任。*年来,有关教育的话题越来越多地出现 在高考试题中。教育从大的方面可以分为:家庭教育、学 校教育和社会教育,不要狭隘地理解为单一的学校教育。 一般来说,有关此类话题的文章往往在开头或结尾点明文 章的中心,阅读难度不大。 [高考典例——2016·全国卷Ⅱ阅读理解B] Five years ago, when I taught art at a school in Seattle, I used Tinkertoys as a test at the beginning of a term to find out something about my students. I put a small set of Tinkertoys in front of each student,and said:“Make something out of the Tinkertoys. You have 45 minutes today — and 45 minutes each day for the rest of the week.” A few students hesitated to start. They waited to see what the rest of the class would do. Several others checked the instructions and made something according to one of the model plans provided. Another group built something out of their own imaginations. Once I had a boy who worked experimentally with Tinkertoys in his free time. His constructions filled a shelf in the art classroom and a good part of his bedroom at home. I was delighted at the presence of such a student. Here was an exceptionally creative mind at work. His presence meant that I had an unexpected teaching assistant in class whose creativity would infect (感染) other students. Encouraging this kind of thinking has a downside. I ran the risk of losing those students who had a different style of thinking. Without fail one would declare, “But I'm just not creative.” “Do you dream at night when you're asleep?” “Oh, sure.” “So tell me one of your most interesting dreams.” The student would tell something wildly imaginative. Flying in the sky or in a time machine or growing three heads. “That's pretty creative. Who does that for you?” “Nobody. I do it.” “Really — at night, when you're asleep?” “Sure.” “Try doing it in the daytime, in class, okay?” 语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。作为一名教师,作者用一种玩 具培养孩子们的创造性和动手能力,其中一个孩子的创造性引 起了作者的注意。 1.The teacher used Tinkertoys in class in order to ________. A.know more about the students B.make the lessons more exciting C.raise the students' interest in art D.teach the students about toy design 解析:细节理解题。从题干的“in order to”判断,本题询问 作者在课堂使用这种玩具的目的,第一段提到“as a test ... to find out something about my students”,由此可知作者的目 的是更多地了解自己的学生。答案:A 2.What do we know about the boy mentioned in Paragraph 3? A.He liked to help his teacher. B.He preferred to study alone. C.He was active in class. D.He was imaginative. 解析:推理判断题。第三段作者描述这个学生,说他特别有 创造性(was an exceptionally creative mind at work),因此选 D项。 答案:D 3.What does the underlined word “downside” in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A.Mistake.



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