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小学英语代词讲解和练习[超精]

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代 词 (一)人称代词
一、概念
人称代词是表示我、你、他/她/它、我们、你们和(他/她/它)们的词。人称代词有人称、格 和数的变化,具体见下表: 数 人 格 称 第一人称 第二人称 主 格 I you he 第三人称 she it 宾 格 me you him her it they them 主 格 we you 宾 格 us you 单 数 复 数

二、人称代词的用法
1.一般情况下,人称代词的主格作主语,放在句子的开头。 I am a teacher. 我是一名教师。 (I 是主语) You are 10 years old. 你 10 岁了。 (You 是主语) He is my friend. 他是我的朋友。 (He 是主语) It is hot today. 今天天气热。 (It 是主语) 2.宾格作宾语,通常放在动词,如:let, like, help,give,ask 等的后面;或介词,如:for, to, of,at 等的后面。 Let’s go .(let’s =let us) Can you help me?你能帮我吗?(me 是宾语) The cake is for you. 这个蛋糕是给你的。 (you 是宾语) 在简短对话中,当人称代词单独使用或用在 not 后,多用宾格。 ---I like English.---Me too. ---Who broke the window?---Me.(me 作表语= It's me.) Why not me?(为什么不是我?) 3.作表语,口语中常用宾格 ---Who is that?---It's me. 是谁啊?是我。 (me 是表语)

三、注意
1.人称代词 I 无论放在句首、句中或句尾,都要大写。 2.人称代词 she 除了指女性“她”之外,还可以指祖国、月亮等拟人的东西。表示一种亲密或 爱抚的感情。 如:I love my country. She is great. The moon is in the sky. She is round and bright.

四、It 的特殊用法
1.一般情况下,it 表示人以外的动物和东西,是单数名词的代词,译为“它”。 Where is your car?It is over there. 你的小汽车在哪儿?(它)在那边。 2.但在表示天气、时间、距离等时,用 it 来代替,此时的 it,并不译为“它”。
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1)指天气:It is sunny today. 今天阳光灿烂。 2)指气候:It's cold in this room. 这个房间很冷。 3)指时间:What time is it?It's six thirty. 几点了?六点半了。 4)指距离:How far is it from here to the park? 从这儿到公园有多远?It's about two miles. 大约是二英里。 3. “ it ” 有时也可指人。 It's me. Open the door, please.

五、并列人称代词的排列顺序:
1、单数人称代词并列作主语时,其顺序为:第二人称→第三人称→第→人称 如:you,he,and I 2、复数人称代词并列作主语时,其顺序为:第一人称→第二人称→第三人称 we→you→they ★注意:如果是做错事,承担责任时,说话的人把 I 放在第一位。 Who broke the window?谁打碎了玻璃?I and Li Ming.我和李明.

(二)物主代词
表示所有关系的代词叫做物主代词,也可叫做代词所有格。物主代词分形容性物主代词和名词 性物主代词二种,物主代词也有人称和数的变化,见下表: 数 人称 类别 形容词性物主 代词 名词性物主代 词 汉语 单数 第一 人称 my mine 我的 第二 人称 your yours 你的 第三 人称 his his 他的 her hers 她的 its its 它的 复数 第一 人称 our ours 我们的 第二 人称 your yours 你们的 第三 人称 their theirs 他 (她、 它) 们的

形容词性物主代词(my/your/his/her/its/our/their)+名词,表示是属于谁的东西。 如:I love my country. 而名词性物主代词(mine/yours/his/hers/its/ours/theirs 则相单于对应的形容词性物主代词 +名词,故其后不必加名词。如: Is this your book? No, it isn’t,it’s hers(her book) /Jim’s /Tom’s/Maria’s This is her book. = This book is hers.

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(三)指示代词
表示“这个”、“那个”、“这些”、“那些”等指示概念的代词叫做指示代词。指示代词有 this,that,these,those 等。 this(复数形式是 these) ,是指在时间上或空间上离说话人较近的人或物。 that(复数形式是 those) ,是指在时间上或空间上离说话人较远的人或物。 This girl is Mary. Those men are my teachers. I am busy these days. (我这些日子很忙。 ) That is a red car. What do you like? I like this.

(四)反身代词
反身代词是表示我自己,你自己,他自己,我们自己,你们自己,他们自己等的词。 第一人称 单数 复数 myself ourselve s 第二人称 yourself yourselve s 第三人称 himself themselve s 第三人称 herself themselve s 第三人称 itself themselve s

如: She was talking to herself. 她自言自语。 I am teaching myself computer. 我自学计算机。 Take good care of yourself. 把自己照顾好。 You should ask the children themselves. 你应该问一问孩子们自己。 Enjoy yourself.玩的愉快。

人称代词口诀:I 是主格 me 是宾,请你一定记在心;主格用在动词前,动词介词后用宾。 you 是主格,也是宾, ; he 是主格 him 是宾, she 是主格 her 是宾, it 是主格,也是宾, we 是 主格 us 是宾, you 是主格,也是宾, they 是主格 them 是宾。

相关练习题
一、填写下面的表格。
格 人 称 数 性

主格 I

宾格

形容词性物主代词 my

名词性物主代词

第一人称 第二人称

单数 复数 单数 复数 单数 复数

us you you him his her she it them your

ours yours

第三人称

its

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二、用人称代词代替下单词或词组。 1.Mike 6.the rabbit 2.Mr White 7.Miss White 3.Tom and I 8.Kate,Tim and I 4.Joan and John 9.Joan’s mother 5.My father 10.their brother 三、选词填空。 1. ________ will spend the summer holiday in Hawaii. A. She, you and I B. You, she and I C. I, you and she D. Her, me and you 2. My uncle bought a new bike for ________. A. theirs B. they C. me D. I 3. She is a student, _____ name is Julia. A. its B. her C. hers D. his 4. Could you help _____ with _______ English, please. A. I, my B. me, me C. me, my D. my, I 5. A friend of _____ came here yesterday. A. my B. his C. him D. himself 6. ______ pencil-box is beautiful. But ____ is more beautiful than ______. A. Toms, my, he B. Tom's, mine, his C. Tom's, mine, him D. Tom's, my, his 7. Most of ______like Chinese food. A. they B. Their C. Them D. theirs 8. Don't you let ____ help you ? A. I and my friend B. my friend and I C. my friend and me D. my friend and I to 9. She gave the erasers to Lucy and _______ . A. I B. me C. my D. mine 10. That's not ______, it is_______. I made it ______ . A. ours, mine, myself B. your, mine, myself C. yours, her, myself D. yours, my, myself 四、选出括号中正确的词,在正确的词上打勾。 1. This is(my / I)mother. 2. Nice to meet (your / you). 3. (He/ His )name is Mark. 4. What’s(she / her )name? 5. Excuse(me / my / I). 6. Are(your / you)Miss Li? 7. (I/ My)am Ben. 8. (She / Her)is my sister. 9. Fine , thank (your / you ). 10. How old is (he / his) 五、根据中文提示,用代词的适当形式填空。 1、There is a new dress for ______(他的)siter. 2、This is ______(我的)wallet. ______ (我的) is red. 3、Whose ______calculators are these? ______(他们) are ours (我们的) 4、Give ______(她 ) a toy, please.
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5、______你们的) eyes are black. ______(你们) come from Japan. 6、Tim and Bill are twins. ______(他们)are from England. Show ______ (他们)around ______ (我们的)school. 7、Give the book to ______(我). 8._______(他的) chair is blue. _____________( 我们的) is yellow. 9._______(我们的) classroom is big.__________( 你们的) is small. 10._______(他) often plays basketball after school. 五、用代词的适当形式填空。 1.There is a letter for ________ (her 、hers) mother. 2.That is _____ (she ) coat. The coat is red. ______ (its)is a new one. 3.Whose pens are these? _______(their) are ______ (we). 4.Give _______(he) a toy, please. 5.________(we) eyes are black. _______ (us) come from Japan. 6. Tim and Bill are twins. _______ (their) are from England. _________ (them) parents are teachers in the No.6 Middle School. 7.Give the book to __________(I ). 8.These books are __________(we). 9.That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I ) 10.The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 11.Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I ) 12 . _______ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are ______.( he ) 13.I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you ) 14.Show _________ your kite, OK? (they) 15.I have a beautiful cat. _______ name is Mimi. These cakes are _______. ( it ) 16. _______ is my aunt. Do you know ________ job? ________ is a nurse. ( she ) 17.That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he ) 18.Where are ________ ? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they ) 19. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we ) 20.These are ______ ( he ) brothers.2. That is _______( she ) sister. 21. Lily is _______ ( Lucy ) sister.4. Tom, this is _____ ( me ) cousin, Mary. 22. Now _____________(her parent) are in America. 23. Those __________ ( child ) are _____ ( I ) father’s students. 24. Do you know ______ ( it ) name? 25. Thanks for helping ________( I ). 26. ______(Ann)mother is ______(we) teacher. 27. Mike and Tom __________ ( be ) friends. 28. That is not______ kite.That kite is very small, but ______ is very big. ( I ) 29. The dress is______. Give it to ______. ( she ) 30. Is this______watch? (you) No, it's not ______. ( I ) 31. ______ is my brother. ______ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps(邮票) are
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_____. ( he ) 32. ______dresses are red. (we) What colour are ______? ( you ) 33. Here are many dolls, which one is______ ? ( she ) 34. I can find my toy,but where’s ______ (you)? 35. Show ______ your kite, OK? (they) 36. I have a beautiful cat. ______ name is Mimi.These cakes are______. ( it ) 37. Are these ______ tickets? No, ______ are not theirs. ______ aren't here. ( they ) 38. Shall ______ have a look at that classroom? That is ______ classroom. ( we ) 39.I am teaching ______computer.(my)
一、用适当的人称代词填空:

1. __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________. ( she ) 2. China is a developing country. _________is in the east of As ia. ( its ) 3. I own a blue bike. The red one isn’t __________. ( I ) 4. These new houses are so nice. __________ are very expensive.( them ) 5. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________? ( them ) 6. Ling Ling is a girl. ____ studies in a primary school. _____ _ brother lives with ____ and helps ____ with______ lessons. ( she ) 7. Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at Engliush . ( his ) 8. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____ ? ( she ) 9. What’s the weather like today ? ____ is cloudy. ( its )
二、用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空

1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday.( ____ ? ( you ) 2. George has lost ____ ( his ) pen. she will lend him ____ . ( she ) 3. Jack has a dog and so have I. ____ ( I ) had a fight (打架). 4. The teacher wants you to return that 5. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of us. ( they ) 6. We are going to Paris to stay with . (we )
三、用适当的代词填空 A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空

I ) Ask (

Can Mary he

I have

one

of

if ( 是 否 ) ) dog and ____

book of ____ are a French

____ ( he ) coming to see friend of ____

1. Your football clothes are on the desk. Please put _________(they,them,their,theirs) away. 2. (We , Us , Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green.We all she,her,hers).
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Our like

, _________(

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3. (I , Me , My , Mine)_________ can’t get my kite. Could you help _________(I, me, my,mine)? 4. Tom can’t get down from the tree.Can you help _________(he , him,his)? 5. These are _________(he , him , his) planes. The white ones are _________(I,me,mine). 6. We can’t find our bikes.Can you help _________(we, us, our, ours)?
B. 填入正确的代词

1. This isn’t________knife. _________ is green. ( she ) 2. These are your books , Kate. Put __________ in the desk , please. (they ) 3. _______ must look after ________ things. ( you ) 4. Wei Fang,is that ________ ruler? Yes,it’s.( you ) 5. They want a football. Give __________ the green one , please. ( they) 6. It’s Lin Tao’s bag. Give it to __________. ( he ) 7. Is this pencil-box Li Lei’s? No,___________ is very new. ( he ) 8. This box is too heavy. I can’t carry _________. ( it ) Don’t worry,Let __________( I ) help __________. ( you) 9. _____ is a boy _____ name is Mike. Mike’s friends like ____ _ very much. ( he ) 10. My sister is in _____ room. _____ is a teacher. ( she ) 11. Jane is a little girl. _____ mother is a nurse. ( she ) 12. We are in _____ classroom. _____ classroom is big. ( we) 13. My father and mother are teachers. _____ are busy ( them) 14. You should ask the children _________.(them) 你应该问一问孩子们自己。

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