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#最新试题~2018年全国高考英语 整理版 试卷试题与答案word解析~

2018 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英语
本试题分第Ⅰ卷<选择题)和第Ⅱ卷<非选择题)考试结束后,将本试卷和 答题卡一并交回。
第Ⅰ卷

注意事项:

1. 答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。7LfGYJp8gw

第一部分 听力<共两节,满分 30 分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将在试卷上的

答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节<共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 称钟的时间来回答有关小

题如阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。7LfGYJp8gw

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15.

B. £9.18.

C£9.15.

答案是 C。

1. What does the man want to do?

A.Take photos.

B.Buy a camera.

C.Help the woman.

2.What are the speakers talking about>

A.A noisy night

B.Their life in town

C.A place of living.

3.Where is the man now?

A.On his way.

B.In a restaurant. C.At home

4.What will Celia do?

A.Find a player.

B.Watch a game.

C.Play basketball. 5.What day is it when the conversation takes place?7LfGYJp8gw
A.Saturday.

B.Sunday.

C.Monday.

第二节<共 15 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个
选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各 个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。7LfGYJp8gw 听第 6 段材料,回答 6、7 题。 6.What is Sara going to do? A.Buy John a gift.
B.Give John a surpise C.Invite John to France. 7.What does the man think of Sara’s plan? A.Funny. B.Exciting. C.Strange. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8.Why does Diana say sorry to peter? A.She has to give up her travel pan. B.She wants to visit another city. C.She needs to put off her test. 9.What does Diana want Peter to do? A. Help her with her study. B. Take a book to her friend. C. Teach a geography lesson. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.Why does the man call the woman?
A.To tell her about her new job. B.To ask about her job program. C.To plan a meeting with her. 11.Who needs a new flat? A.Alex. B.Andrea. C.Miranda. 12.Where is the woman now? A.In Baltimore. B.In New York. C.In Avon. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.What does Jan consider most important when he judges a restaurant?7LfGYJp8gw A.Where the restaurant is. B.Whether the prices are low. C.How well the food is prepared. 14.When did Jan begin to write for a magazine? A.After he came back to Sweden. B.Before he went to the United States.

C.As soon as he got his first job in 1982.

15.What may Jan do to find a good restaurant?

A.Talk to people in the street.

B.Speak to taxi drivers.

C.Ask hotel clerks.

16.What do we know about Jan?

A.He cooks for a restaurant.

B.He travels a lot ofr his work.

C.He prefers American food.

听 第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题

17. What dowe know about the piaza Leen?

A.it’s new builing

B.it’s a small town

C.it’s public place

18. When do partents and children like going to the Piaza Leen?7LfGYJp8gw

A.satyrday nights

B.Sunday afternoons

C.Fridays and Saturdays.

19. Which street is known for its food shops and markets?7LfGYJp8gw

A.Via dei Mar Street

B.Femando Street.

C.Hemandes Street

20. Why does the speaker like Horation Street best ?7LfGYJp8gw

A.It has an old stone surface.

B.it is named after a writer

C.It is a famous university.

第二部分 英语知识运用<共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 单项天空<共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该涂黑。

例:we____ last night, but we went to the concert instead.7LfGYJp8gw

A.must have studied

B. might study7LfGYJp8gw

C. should have studied

D. would study7LfGYJp8gw

答案是 C.

21. -Wly, this is nothing but common vegetable soup!7LfGYJp8gw

A.Let me see Bso it is CDon ‘t mention it D Neither do I7LfGYJp8gw 22. .They might just have a place ______on the writing course 一 why don't you give it a

try?7LfGYJp8gw

A.Leave B.Left C. leaving D. to leave

23. Try not to sough more than you can since it may cause problems to your lungs.7LfGYJp8gw

A. check

B. allow

C.stop

D.help

24. If we

now to protect the environment, we’ll live to regret it.7LfGYJp8gw

A. hadn't acted B. haven't acted C. don't act D. won't act7LfGYJp8gw

25. Tony can hardly boil an egg,still cook dinner.7LfGYJp8gw

A.less

B.little

C.much

D.more

26. Police have found appears to be the lost ancient statue.7LfGYJp8gw

A. which

B. where

C. how

D.what

27.When I first met Bryan I didn’t like him, but I my mind.7LfGYJp8gw

A. have changed B. change

C. had changed D.would

change7LfGYJp8gw

28. The driver wanted to park his car near the roadside but was asked by}the

police .7LfGYJp8gw

A .not to do

B. not to

C. not do

D. do not

29.The door open , no matter how hard she pushed.7LfGYJp8gw

A. shouldn’t

B. couldn't

C. wouldn't

D.

mightn't7LfGYJp8gw

30. At the last moment Tom-decided to

a new character to make the story seem more

likely.7LfGYJp8gw

A. put up

B. put in

C. put on

D. put off

31. India attained independence in 1947, after

long struggle.7LfGYJp8gw

A.不填;a

B. the; a

C. an;不填

D.

an; the

32.There’s no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery

another man,

also intelligent, fails.7LfGYJp8gw

A. since

B: if

C. as

D. while

33.”You can’t judge a book by its cover,” .7LfGYJp8gw

A. as the saying goes old

B. goes as the old

saying7LfGYJp8gw

C. as the old saying goes

D. goes as old the

saying7LfGYJp8gw

34.It was a real race time to get the project done. Luckily, we made it.7LfGYJp8gw

A. over

B. by

C. for

D.

against

35. The sunlight is white and blinding, hard-edged shadows on the ground.7LfGYJp8gw

A. throwing

B.being thrown C.to throw

D.to

be

thrown7LfGYJp8gw 第二节 完形填空<共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项<A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的

最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑 7LfGYJp8gw

I went to a group activity,“Sensitivity Sunday”which was to make us more 36 7LfGYJp8gw

the problem faced by disabled people,We where asked asked to “ 37 a disability”for sever

hours one Sunday,Some member 38 chose the wheel chair,Other wore sound-blocking

carplug(耳塞>or bilndfold(眼罩>.7LfGYJp8gw

Just sitting in the wheelchair was a 39 experience,I had never considered before how 40 it

would be to use one ,As soon as I sat down my 41 made the chair begin to roll ,Its wheel were

not 42 Then I wondered where to put my 43 ,It took me quite a while to get the metal

footrest into 44 ,I took my first uneasy look at what was to be my only means of 45 for serveral hours,For disabled people,“adoping a wheelchair”is not a tempoarty(临时的> 46

7LfGYJp8gw

I tried to find a 47 position and thought it might be restful, 48 kind of nice to be 49 around for

a while, Looking around,I 50 would have to handle the thing myself!My hands statred to ache as

I 51 the heavy wheels,I came to know that controlling the 52 of the wheelchair as not going to

be 53 task,7LfGYJp8gw

My wheelchair experment was soon 54 It made a deep impression on me ,A few hours of

“disability” gave me only a taste of the 55 ,both physical and mental,that disbled people must

overcome7LfGYJp8gw

36.A.curious about B. interested in C. aware on D. careful with 7LfGYJp8gw

37.A.cure

B.prevent

C.adopt D.analyze 7LfGYJp8gw

38.A.inserted B.strangely C.as usual D.like me7LfGYJp8gw

39.A.learning B.working

C.satrstying D.relaxing7LfGYJp8gw

40.A.convening B.awkward

C.boring D.exciting7LfGYJp8gw

41.A.height

B.force

C.skill D.weight7LfGYJp8gw

42.A.locked

B.repaired C.powered D.grasped7LfGYJp8gw

43.A.hands

B.feet

C.keys D.handles7LfGYJp8gw

44.A.place

B.action

C.play D.effect7LfGYJp8gw

45.A.operation B.ecommunication C.transportation D.production7LfGYJp8gw

46.A.exploration B.edcation C.experiment D.entertainment7LfGYJp8gw

47.A.flexble

B. safe

C. starting

D.

comfortable7LfGYJp8gw

48.A. yet

B. just

C. still

D.

even7LfGYJp8gw

49.A.shown

B. pushed

C. driven

D.

guided7LfGYJp8gw

50.A.realized

B. suggested

C. agreed

D.

admitted7LfGYJp8gw

51.A. lifted

B. turned

C. pressed

D.

seized7LfGYJp8gw

52.A. path

B. position

C. direction

D.

way7LfGYJp8gw

53.A. easy

B. heavy

C. major

D.

extra7LfGYJp8gw

54.A. forgotten

B. repeated

C. conducted

D.

finished7LfGYJp8gw

55.A. weaknesses

B. challenges

C. anxieties

D.

illnesses7LfGYJp8gw 第三部分 阅读理解<共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节<共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项<A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题

卡上将该项涂黑。

A Some people will do just about anything to save money. And I am one of them .Take my family’s last vacation .It was my six-year-old son’s winter break form school ,and we were heading 7LfGYJp8gw home form Fort Lauderdale after a weeklong trip. The flight was overbooked ,and Delta , the airline ,offered us $400 per person in credits to give up our seats and leave the next day .I had meeting in New York,So I had to get back . But that didn't mean my husband and my son couldn't stay. I took my nine-month-old and took off for home.7LfGYJp8gw The next day my husband and son were offered more credits to take an even later flight.7LfGYJp8gw Yes, I encouraged 一 okay, ordered-them to wait it out at the airport, to "earn" more Delta Dollars. Our total take: $1,600. Not bad, huh?7LfGYJp8gw Now some people may think I'm a bad mother and not such a great wife either. But as a big-time bargain hunter, I know the value of a dollar. And these days, a good deal is some-timething few of us can afford to pass up.7LfGYJp8gw I've made living looking for the best deals and exposing ( 揭 露 > the worst tricks .I have been the consumer reporter of NBC's Today show for over a decade. I have written a couple7LfGYJp8gw of books including one titled Tricks of the Trade: A Consumer Survival Guide. And I really do what I believe in.I tell you this because there is no shame in getting your money’s worth. I’m also tightfisted when it comes to shoes, clothes for my children,and expensive restaurants.But I wouldn't hesitate to spend on a good haircut. It keeps its longer, and it's the first thing people notice. And I will also spend on a classic piece of furniture. Quality lasts.7LfGYJp8gw 56. Why did Delta give the author's family credits?7LfGYJp8gw A. They took a later flight. B. They had early bookings. C. Their flight had been delayed. D. Their flight had been cancelled. 57. What can we learn about the author? A. She rarely misses a good deal. B. She seldom makes a compromise. C. She is very strict with her children D. She is interested in cheap products.
58. What does the author do? A. She's a teacher. B. She's a housewife. C. She's a media person. D. She's a businesswoman. 59. What does the author want to tell us? A.How to expose bad tricks. B. How to reserve airline seats.

C. How to spend money wisely, D. How to make a business deal.
B They baby is just one day old and has not yet left hospital. She is quiet but alert (警觉>。 Twenty centimeters from her face researchers have placed a white card with two black spots7LfGYJp8gw On it.She stares at it carefully . A researcher removes the card and replaces it by another, this time with the spots differently spaced. As the cards change from one to the other,her gaze(凝视> starts to lose its focus - until a third, with three black spots, is presented. Her gaze returns;she looks at it for twice as long as she did at the previous card. Can she tell that the number two is different from three, just 24 hours after coming into the world?7LfGYJp8gw
Or do newborns simply prefer more to fewer? The same experiment,but with three spots shown before two, shows the same return of interest when the number of spots changes.Perhaps it is just the newness? When slightly older babies were shown cards with pictures of objects(a comb,a key,an orange and so on>,changing the number of objects had an effect separate from changing the objects themselves.Could it be the pattern that two things make,as opposed to three? No again.Babies paid more attention to squares moving randomly on a screen when their number changed from two to three, or three to two. The effect even crosses between senses.Babies who were repeatedly shown two spots became more excited when they then heard three drumbeats than when they heard just two;likewist(同样地> when the researchers started with drumbeats and moved to spots.7LfGYJp8gw 60.The experiment described in Paragraph 1 is related to the baby’s__.7LfGYJp8gw A.sense of hearing. B.sense of sight. C.sense of touch. D.sense of smell. 61.Babies are sensitive to the change in______. A.the size of cards. B.the colour of pictures. C.the shape of patterns. D.the number of objects. 62.Why did the researchers test the babies with drumbeats?7LfGYJp8gw A.To reduce the difficulty of the experiment. B.To see how babies recognize sounds. C.To carry their experiment further. D.To keep the babies’ interest. 63.Where does this text probably come from? A.Science fiction. B.Children’s literature. C.An advertisement. D.A science report.
C It happened to me recently.Iwas telling someone how much Ihad enjoyed reading Barack Obama’s Dreams From My Father and how it had changed my views of our President.A friend

Iwas talking to agreed with me that it was ,in his words, “ a brilliantly< 精 彩 地 ) written book”.however,he then went on to talk abour Mr Obama in a way which suggested he had no idea of his background at all .Isensed that Iwas talking to a book liar.7LfGYJp8gw
And it seems that my friend is not the only one.Approximately two thirds of people have lied about reading a book which they haven’t .In the World Book Day’s “ Report on Guilty Secrets ” ,Dreams From My Father is at number 9.The report lists ten books,and various authors,which people have lied about reading,and as I’m not one to lie too often (I’d hate to be caught out >,I’lladmit here and now that I haven’t read the entire top ten .But I am pleased to say that,unlike 42 percent of peoplt,I have read the book at number one ,George Orwell’s 1984.I think it’s really brilliant.7LfGYJp8gw
The World Book Day report also has some other interesting information in it.It says that many people lie about having read jane Austen,Charles Dickens,Fyodor Dostoevsky(I haven’t read him,but haven’t lied about it either >and Herman Melville.7LfGYJp8gw
A sked why they lied,the most common reason was to “ impress ” someone they were speaking to.This coule be tricky if the conversation became more in –depth!7LfGYJp8gw
But when asked which authors they actually enjoy,people named J.k.Rowling,John Grisham,Sophie Kinsella(ah,the big sellers,in other words>.Forty-two percent of people asked admitted they turned to the back of the book to read the end before finishing the story(I’ll come clean:I do this and am astonished that 58 percent said they had never dome so>.7LfGYJp8gw 64.How did the author find his friend a book liar?
A.By judging his manner of speaking. B.By looking into his background. C.By mentioning a famous name. D.By discussing the book it self. 65.Which of the following is a “ guilty secret ” according to the World Book Day report?7LfGYJp8gw A.Charles Dickens is very low on the top-ten list. B.42% of people pretended to have read 1984. C.The author admitted having read 9 books. D.Dreams From My Father is hardly read. 66.By lying about reading ,a person hopes to .7LfGYJp8gw A.control the conversation B.appear knowledgeable C.learn about the book D.make more friends 67.What is the suthor’s attitude to 58%of readers? A.Favorable. B.Uncaring C.Doubtful D.Friendly
D The National Gallery Description: The National Gallery is the British national art museum built on the north side of

European art ranging from 13th-century religious paintings to more modern ones by Renoir and Van Gogh.The older collections of the gallery are reached through the main entrance while the more modern works in the East Wing are most easily reached from Trafalgar Square by a ground floor entrance7LfGYJp8gw Layout:
The modern Sainsbury Wing on the western side of the buileing houses 13th-to15th-century paintings,and artists include Duccio,Uccello,Van Eyck,Lippi,Mantegna,Botticelli and Memling.7LfGYJp8gw
The main West Wing houses 16th-century paintings ,and artists include Leonardo da Vinci,Cranach,Michelangelo,Raphael,Bruegel,Bronzino,Titan and Veronest.7LfGYJp8gw
The North Wing houses 17th-century paintings,and artists include Caravaggio,Rubens,Poussin,Van Dyck,Velazquez,Claude and Vermeer.7LfGYJp8gw
The East Wing houses 18th-to early 20th-century paintings,and artists include Canaletto,Goya,Turner,Constable,Renoir and Van Gogh7LfGYJp8gw Opening Hours:
The Gallery is open every day from 10am to 6pm<Fridays 10anm to 9pm)and is free, but charges apply to some special exhibitions.7LfGYJp8gw Getting There:
Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross<2-minute walk). Leicester Square<3-minute walk),Embankment<7-minute walk),and Piccadilly Circus<8-minute walk).7LfGYJp8gw 68.In which century’s collection can you see religious paintings?7LfGYJp8gw
A.The 13th B.The 17th C.The 18th D.The 20th
69.Where are Leonardo da Vinci’s works shown? A.In the East Wing. B.In the main West Wing. C.In the Sainsbury Wing. D.In the North Wing.
70.Which underground station is closest to the National Gallery?WaJTKQ8E73 A.Piccadilly Circus. B.Leicester Square. C.Embankment. D.Charing Cross. 第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分> 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项· 选项中有两项为多余选项。
Business is the organized approach to providing customers with the goods and services they want.The eord business also refers yo an organization that provides these goods and services.Most business seek to make a profit(利润>-that aim to achieve income that is more than the costs of operating the business. 71 Commonly called nonprofits,these organizations areprimarily nongovernmental service providers.WaJTKQ8E73 Business management is a term used to describe the techniques of planning, direction,and

control of the operations of a business.

73 One is the establishment (制定>of broad

basic policies with respect to production; sales; the purchase of equipment, materials and and

supplies; and accounting. 74 The third relates to the establishment of standards of word in all departments. Direction is concerned primarily with supervision( 监 管 >and guidance by the

management in authority. 75 WaJTKQ8E73

A. Control includes the use of records and reports to compare actual work with the set

standards for work.WaJTKQ8E73

B. In this connection there is the difference between top management and operative

management.WaJTKQ8E73

C.Examples of nonprofit business top management and operative management.WaJTKQ8E73

D. However, some businesses only seek to enough to cover their operating costsWaJTKQ8E73

E. The second aspect relates to the application of these policies by departments.WaJTKQ8E73

F. In the theory of business management, organization has two main aspects.WaJTKQ8E73

G Planning in business management has three main aspects.WaJTKQ8E73 第Ⅱ卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第四部分 写作<共两页,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错<共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌中间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共

有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

WaJTKQ8E73

增加:把缺词处叫个娄子符号<∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线<\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者<从第 11 处起)不计分。

I hardly remember my grandmother.She used to holding me on her knees and sing old

songs.I was only four when she passes away.She is just a distant memory for me now.WaJTKQ8E73

I remember my grandfather very much.He was tall,with broad shoulder and a beard that

turned from black toward gray over the years.He had a deep voice,which set himself apart from

others in our small town,he was strong and powerful.In a fact,he even scared my classmates away

during they came over to paly or do homeword with me.However, he was the gentlest man I have

never known.WaJTKQ8E73

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途。




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